Review of freshly installed CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed CentOS Stream 9 Workstation installation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 40).

  • Xorg X server – 1.20.11
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 40.4.0
  • linux kernel – 5.14.0

More technical details are available for the server installation, which is not different from the workstation but the GUI (Gnome) installed – Software and technical details of CentOS Stream 9 minimal install. The later article may be of interest to developers, too. The CentOS Stream 9 Workstation install may install all of the listed software for CentOS Stream 9 Server.
The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here the reader finds more than 125 screenshots and not so many text the main idea is not to distract the user with much text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which the reader cannot see anything for the user interface, but these days the user interface is the primary goal of a Desktop system. More reviews of the kind will follow in the future …

CentOS is a pretty stable Linux Distribution System, which follows the paid Red Hat enterprise RHEL 9. And if the user really just wants a stable OS with a GUI for the next let’s say 5-10 years with support and fast security updates the CentOS Stream 9 might be perfect for it! Developing on this platform should be easy, too, because it supports all kind of virtualization and despite it may not include the bleeding edge libraries and software, it is easy enough to install latest software in a full or para virtualization or a container!

For all installation and review articles real workstations are used, not virtual environments!

SCREENSHOT 1) Fedora Linux (5.14.0-119.el9.x86_64) 9

main menu
grub 2.06 entry boot

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Install CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

This is the latest CentOS version with a graphical interface Gnome for a workstation. If you are a developer or just a Linux user, which want to have a pretty stable Operating System, the CentOS Stream 9 may be an option for you. CentOS Stream 9 is based and follows the RedHat Enterprise Linux 9 – paid Linux for the enterprise world, which is available for free thanks to the Open-source Software. CentOS Stream 9 will receive all the updates from the paid Linux system RHEL 9 and the support will be 10 years from now. 5 years of full support and 5 more years of security updates. The use of CentOS Stream 9 assures the user to have a stable and secure Linux operating system, which will not bring fundamental changes and breaks things periodically as of a more enthusiastic Linux Distributions. More information for the system here – Software and technical details of CentOS Stream 9 minimal install and Software comparison Ubuntu server 22.04 LTS vs CentOS Stream 9 head-to-head
The CentOS Stream 9 has a generic installation wizard for multiple type of installations – server, server with gui, user workstation and so on. This article is to show what options to enable to install a user workstation with CentOS Stream 9 with a graphical interface – Gnome. Most of the people think CentOS as a server Linux Distribution, but in fact, it is ideal for a workstation, too, especially with the grade of stability and security these days.
This article uses network installation with the following media: http://mirror.stream.centos.org/9-stream/BaseOS/x86_64/iso/CentOS-Stream-9-latest-x86_64-boot.iso which always points to the latest release of the CentOS Stream 9. The network installation will choose automatically the best mirror to download the packages for the system. There is an option to use an off-line installation with an 8G ISO disk. Check out for more ISOs here – http://mirror.stream.centos.org/9-stream/BaseOS/x86_64/iso/

SCREENSHOT 1) Boot from the UEFI DVD-ROM device.

It is the same with the USB bootable removable drive. Choose the UEFI USB drive and boot the installation live drive.

main menu
UEFI BIOS DVD-ROM boot

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Review of freshly installed Fedora 36 KDE Plasma Desktop (KDE GUI)

After the tutorial of how to install Fedora 36 KDE Plasma Desktop this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 36 KDE Plasma Desktop – the look and feel of the new KDE GUI (version 5.24.3 of KDE Plasma). The Fedora 36 KDE Plasma Desktop is part of Fedora spins – https://spins.fedoraproject.org/kde/
Here you can find how to Install Fedora 36 KDE Plasma Desktop (KDE GUI). Here it worth mentioning the included versions of KDE software for Fedora 36:

  • KDE Plasma version: 5.24.3
  • KDE Frameworks version: 5.91.0
  • QT version: 5.15.3

The idea of this article is just to see what to expect from Fedora 36 KDE Plasma – the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them, it is included also screenshots of the KDE settings program. Here you’ll find more than 200 screenshots and not so many texts we do not want to turn this review of many texts and version information and 3 meaningless screenshots, which you could not see anything for the user interface because these days it is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind of review in the future.
This article is the first part of reviewing the Fedora 36 KDE Plasma. The second article contains KDE System Settings screenshots and it is coming soon.

Summary of the screenshots

  • Logging
  • KDE Plasma Overview with Panel Toolbox
  • Fedora KDE main menu
  • Plasma Widgets
  • Activities
  • Install/Update applications with Discover
  • Install applications with dnfdragora
  • review of multiple installed GUI applications and games.
  • Dolphin – the KDE File Manager

Fedora 36 KDE Plasma screenshots

SCREENSHOT 1) Fedora (5.17.5-300.fc36.x86_64) 36 (KDE Plasma)

main menu
grub entry boot

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Review of freshly installed Fedora 36 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install Fedora Workstation 36 (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 36 Workstation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 42.1).

  • Xorg X server – 1.20.14
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 42.1
  • linux kernel – 5.17.5

More technical details here – Software and technical details of Fedora Server 36 including cockpit screenshots and . The later article may be of interest to developers, too. The Fedora 36 Workstation may install all of the listed software for Fedora 36 Server Edition. The big difference is the disk layout and the file system used in server edition and in workstation edition. By default, in Fedora 36 Workstation btrfs is used for the root and home mounts.
The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from Fedora 36 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here the reader finds more than 140 screenshots and not so many text the main idea is not to distract the user with much text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which the reader cannot see anything for the user interface, but these days the user interface is the primary goal of a Desktop system. More reviews of the kind will follow in the future …

For all installation and review articles real workstations are used, not virtual environments!

SCREENSHOT 1) Fedora Linux (5.17.5-300.fc36.x86_64) 36 (Workstation Edition)

main menu
grub 2.06 entry boot

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Review of freshly installed Ubuntu Desktop 22.04 LTS (Gnome GUI)

After the article of Ubuntu Desktop 22.04 LTS installation steps Install Ubuntu Desktop 22.04 LTS on the entire disk and Install Ubuntu Desktop 22.04 LTS on a PC with existing windows 10 – dual boot this article is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Ubuntu Desktop 22.04 LTS – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 42.0).

  • Xorg X server – 1.22.1.1
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 42.0
  • linux kernel – 5.15.0

The idea of this tutorial is to see what to expect from Ubuntu Desktop 22.04 LTSthe look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs, and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here you’ll find more than 114 screenshots and not so many text we do not want to turn this review of many texts and version information and 3 meaningless screenshots , which you cannot see anything for the user interface, which these days is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind of review in the future…
You can find a similar article for Fedora Workstation 36 – (coming soon).
Real workstations, not virtual environments are used for all installation and review tutorials!

SCREENSHOT 1) Ubuntu is selected by default

Wait for 10 seconds or hit Enter to boot the Ubuntu. The GNU GRUB version is 2.06.

main menu
grub entry boot

SCREENSHOT 2) Select the user.

main menu
login screen

SCREENSHOT 3) Enter the password.

main menu
login screen password

SCREENSHOT 4) Gnome Shell Overview.

main menu
desktop – gnome shell

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xdg and autostart in Linux X server regardless the desktop environment

There is a tool xdg, which manages application integration with the different GUI Desktops in the Linux world. One of the features it offers is to autostart an application when the X window system starts and it is perfectly normal to have a bunch of running programs that cannot be found in the Windowing manager settings like KDE System Settings -> Autostart, GNOME Tweak tool and Autostart and so on.

xdg offers autostart of Linux appilcations mainly Desktop when the GUI windowing system starts

There two main paths to look for entries to autostart:

  1. /etc/xdg/autostart – called system-wide and most of the application will place files when they are installed.
  2. [user’s home]/.config/autostart – user’s applications to start when the user logs in .

With xdg autostart feature the user can explain himself why the Windowing systems like KDE or GNOME start tens of applications (not exactly related to the base GUI windowing system).

There is a security problem here, which is sometimes installing a package will place an autostart file there because the maintainer decided it is important but the package might be just a dependency and the next time the user logs in unwanted program might execute and open ports!

For example, Rygel is an open-source UPnP/DLNA MediaServer and it might be installed as a dependency but it places an autostart file, which starts a UPnP/DLNA server and exports the /home/[user’s directory]/Videos, /home/[user’s directory]/Pictures and more to the local network. Another example is with the GNOME index system tracker and the tracker-store, which may easily eat the RAM, disk, CPU, battery on a system without GNOME but with a different GUI!

Here is what a typical Ubuntu 18.04 system might autostart

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Review of freshly installed Fedora 31 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install Fedora Workstation 31 (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 36 Workstation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 3.30).

  • Xorg X server – 1.20.5
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 3.34.1
  • linux kernel – 5.3.7

More technical details here – Technical details of Fedora Workstation 31 (Gnome GUI).
The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from Fedora 31 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here you’ll find more than 150 screenshots and not so many text we do not want to turn this review of many text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which you cannot see anything for the user interface, which these days is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind of reviews in the future…
You can find similar article for Fedora Workstation 27 – Review of freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome GUI), Review of freshly installed Fedora 29 Workstation (Gnome GUI)
And for all installation and review tutorials we use real workstations not virtual environments!

SCREENSHOT 1) Fedora (5.3.7-301.fc31.x86_64) 31 (Thirty One)

main menu
grub entry boot

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Review of freshly installed Fedora 29 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install Fedora Workstation 29 (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 3.30).

  • Xorg X server – 1.20.1
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 3.30.1
  • linux kernel – 4.18.16

The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from Fedora 29 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here you’ll find more than 110 screenshots and not so many text we do not want to turn this review of many text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which you cannot see anything for the user interface, which these days is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind reviews in the future…
You can find similar article for Fedora Workstation 27 – Review of freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome GUI).
And for all installation and review tutorials we use real workstations not virtual environments!

SCREENSHOT 1)

main menu
Keep on reading!

Review of freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install Fedora Workstation 27 (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 3.26).
The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here you’ll find more than 130 screenshots and not so many text we do not want to turn this review of many text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which you cannot see anything for the user interface, which these days is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind reviews in the future…

screenshot 1) The default desktop look after logging

main menu
Default desktop look
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