xdg and autostart in Linux X server regardless the desktop environment

There is a tool xdg, which manages application integration with the different GUI Desktops in the Linux world. One of the features it offers is to autostart an application when the X window system starts and it is perfectly normal to have a bunch of running programs that cannot be found in the Windowing manager settings like KDE System Settings -> Autostart, GNOME Tweak tool and Autostart and so on.

xdg offers autostart of Linux appilcations mainly Desktop when the GUI windowing system starts

There two main paths to look for entries to autostart:

  1. /etc/xdg/autostart – called system-wide and most of the application will place files when they are installed.
  2. [user’s home]/.config/autostart – user’s applications to start when the user logs in .

With xdg autostart feature the user can explain himself why the Windowing systems like KDE or GNOME start tens of applications (not exactly related to the base GUI windowing system).

There is a security problem here, which is sometimes installing a package will place an autostart file there because the maintainer decided it is important but the package might be just a dependency and the next time the user logs in unwanted program might execute and open ports!

For example, Rygel is an open-source UPnP/DLNA MediaServer and it might be installed as a dependency but it places an autostart file, which starts a UPnP/DLNA server and exports the /home/[user’s directory]/Videos, /home/[user’s directory]/Pictures and more to the local network. Another example is with the GNOME index system tracker and the tracker-store, which may easily eat the RAM, disk, CPU, battery on a system without GNOME but with a different GUI!

Here is what a typical Ubuntu 18.04 system might autostart

Keep on reading!

Review of freshly installed Fedora 31 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install Fedora Workstation 31 (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 3.30).

  • Xorg X server – 1.20.5
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 3.34.1
  • linux kernel – 5.3.7

More technical details here – Technical details of Fedora Workstation 31 (Gnome GUI).
The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from Fedora 31 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here you’ll find more than 150 screenshots and not so many text we do not want to turn this review of many text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which you cannot see anything for the user interface, which these days is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind of reviews in the future…
You can find similar article for Fedora Workstation 27 – Review of freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome GUI), Review of freshly installed Fedora 29 Workstation (Gnome GUI)
And for all installation and review tutorials we use real workstations not virtual environments!

SCREENSHOT 1) Fedora (5.3.7-301.fc31.x86_64) 31 (Thirty One)

main menu
grub entry boot

Keep on reading!

Review of freshly installed Fedora 29 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install Fedora Workstation 29 (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 3.30).

  • Xorg X server – 1.20.1
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 3.30.1
  • linux kernel – 4.18.16

The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from Fedora 29 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here you’ll find more than 110 screenshots and not so many text we do not want to turn this review of many text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which you cannot see anything for the user interface, which these days is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind reviews in the future…
You can find similar article for Fedora Workstation 27 – Review of freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome GUI).
And for all installation and review tutorials we use real workstations not virtual environments!

SCREENSHOT 1)

main menu
Keep on reading!

Review of freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install Fedora Workstation 27 (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed Fedora 27 Workstation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 3.26).
The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from Fedora 27 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here you’ll find more than 130 screenshots and not so many text we do not want to turn this review of many text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which you cannot see anything for the user interface, which these days is the primary goal of a Desktop system. You can expect more of this kind reviews in the future…

screenshot 1) The default desktop look after logging

main menu
Default desktop look
Keep on reading!