CentOS 8 dracut-initqueue timeout and could not boot – warning /dev/disk/by-id/md-uuid- does not exist – inactive raids

Booting the CentOS 8 failed with

dracut-initqueue timeout and could not boot – warning /dev/disk/by-id/md-uuid- does not exist

we have an article on the subject for CentOS 7 – CentOS 7 dracut-initqueue timeout and could not boot – warning /dev/disk/by-id/md-uuid- does not exist and we continue with another issue with the same error.
Most times when you get this error there is a mistake in some UUID for the file system or the RAID devices. But this time our software raid was autodetected with the right disks but it ended in INACTIVE STATE. Software raid in INACTIVE STATE cannot be used so we are in “Emergency mode”:

SCREENSHOT 1) Without root partition the boot process enters the dracut emergency mode.

main menu
Entering emergency mode

SCREENSHOT 2) Software md raid device information – missing “Personalities” for the raid groups.

Loaded modules in the kernel and missing raid kernel modules.

main menu
Missing raid1 kernel module in initram file

To summarize it up:

  • The disks are detected, so we drivers for SATA/SAS controller is loaded correctly.
  • The software raid autodetected the MD devices, but they are in “INACTIVE STATE”. The RAID “Personalities” is missing.

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pycurl.h: fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory

If you encounter this error trying to install a pip module or compile a program under the console you surely miss OpenSSL development packages!
pip also may build a packages in your system and it could depend on generic library headers like in this case OpenSSL, which the installer (pip) won’t bring them and it will output an error as you can see

myuser@srv # sudo pip install pycurl pygeoip psutil
Collecting pycurl
  Using cached https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/e8/e4/0dbb8735407189f00b33d84122b9be52c790c7c3b25286826f4e1bdb7bde/pycurl-7.43.0.2.tar.gz
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): pygeoip in /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): psutil in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Building wheels for collected packages: pycurl
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for pycurl ... error
  Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpqVNq1upip-wheel- --python-tag cp27:
  Using curl-config (libcurl 7.47.0)
  running bdist_wheel
  running build
  running build_py
  creating build
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
  copying python/curl/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
  running build_ext
  building 'pycurl' extension
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src
  x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fno-strict-aliasing -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -fPIC -DPYCURL_VERSION="7.43.0.2" -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_OPENSSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c src/docstrings.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/docstrings.o
  In file included from src/docstrings.c:4:0:
  src/pycurl.h:164:28: fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory
  compilation terminated.
  error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1
  
  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for pycurl
  Running setup.py clean for pycurl
Failed to build pycurl
Installing collected packages: pycurl
  Running setup.py install for pycurl ... error
    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-oea_jq-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
    Using curl-config (libcurl 7.47.0)
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
    copying python/curl/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
    running build_ext
    building 'pycurl' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src
    x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fno-strict-aliasing -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -fPIC -DPYCURL_VERSION="7.43.0.2" -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_OPENSSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c src/docstrings.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/docstrings.o
    In file included from src/docstrings.c:4:0:
    src/pycurl.h:164:28: fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1
    
    ----------------------------------------
Command "/usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-oea_jq-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/
You are using pip version 8.1.1, however version 18.1 is available.
You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command

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Create a simple spamassassin rule to catch words

Not so often we need to write our custom rules for fighting against spam, but sometimes we need it, because a spammer just wanted to target specifically our server or clients. If you use spamassassin here what you can do to create a simple rule to find words and rate the message with a desired score, which will (probably) mark it as a spam.
The template is as follows:

  • headers search, the example template is for the Subject header, but you could any other header name.
    header <RULENAME> Subject =~ /word1, word2, word3, ..., wordN/
    score <RULENAME> <score>
    describe <RULENAME> <description>
    
  • body search
    body <RULENAME> /word1, word2, word3, ..., wordN/
    score <RULENAME> <score>
    describe <RULENAME> <description>
    

Set these 3 lines (or the 6 above for the headers and body) in your user_prefs.cf file, which is probably here:

  • /etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf – CentOS 7
  • /etc/spamassassin/ – Ubuntu 16/17, Gentoo
  • ~/.spamassassin/user_prefs.cf – custom file per user

Here is example of the rules:

header CONTAINS_VIG Subject =~ /apple, orange/
score CONTAINS_VIG 1.5
describe CONTAINS_VIG Bad Word fruits in the Subject
body CONTAINS_PEN /apple, orange/
score CONTAINS_PEN 1.5
describe CONTAINS_PEN Bad Word in the Body

Catch messages in the Subject and body containing apple and orange and add to the scoring system 1.5, for your purses you may need to increase the scoring drastically it depends on your required score for spam (check for it in local.cf).

* Update

As of Rob Morin proposed in the comments it is a good idea to add “/i” to catch lower and capital letters (“ignore case”) like this:

header CONTAINS_VIG Subject =~ /apple, orange/i
score CONTAINS_VIG 1.5
describe CONTAINS_VIG Bad Word fruits in the Subject
body CONTAINS_PEN /apple, orange/i
score CONTAINS_PEN 1.5
describe CONTAINS_PEN Bad Word in the Body

GNU Screen with scrolling history under X window system

Screen program is really a good piece of software for every one in the console. We use it every day to execute programs in the “background” or if we want to end our ssh session to the server without stopping our executed program. We need a tiny configuration to use our favorite scrolling of the console program under the X windowing systems!

So if you are under let’s say KDE or Gnome (especially Ubuntu and CentOS) and use konsole or xterm and you want to be able to scroll the history of your ssh sessions, when you start something under gnu screen you must set the following file at your home directory

/home/<your_user>/.screenrc

with this configuration:

termcapinfo xterm* ti@:te@