Monitor and analyze with Grafana, influxdb 1.8 and collectd under CentOS Stream 9

This article describes how to build a modern analytic and monitoring solutions for system and application performance metrics. A solution, which may host all the server’s metrics and a sophisticated application, allows easy analyses of the data and powerful graphs to visualize the data.
A brief introduction to the main three software used to build the proposed solution:

  1. Grafana – an analytics and a web visualization tool. It supports dashboards, charts, graphs, alerts, and many more.
  2. influxdb – a time series database. Bleeding fast reads and writes and optimized for time.
  3. collectd – a data collection daemon, which obtain metrics from the host it is started and sends the metrics to the database (i.e. influxdb). It has around 170 plugins to collect metrics.

What is the task of each tool:

  1. collectd – gathers metrics and statistics using its plugins every 10 seconds on the host it runs and then sends the data over UDP to the influxdb using a simple text-based protocol.
  2. influxdb – listens on an open UDP port for data coming from multiple collectd instances installed on many different devices. In this case, a Linux server running CentOS Stream 9.
  3. Grafana – an analytics and a web visualization tool. A web application, which connects to the InfluxDB and visualizes the time series metrics in graphs organized in dashboards. Graphs for CPU, memory, network, storage usage, and many more.
  4. nginx to enable SSL and proxy in front of the Grafana.

The whole solution uses the CentOS Stream 9 Linux distro. Installing the CentOS Stream 9 is a mandatory step to proceed further with this article – Network installation of CentOS Stream 9 (20220606.0) – minimal server installation
The UDP influxdb port should be open per IP basis and web port of the web server (nginx) is up to the purpose of the solution – it can be behind a VPN or openly accessible by Internet.

STEP 1) Install additional repositories for Grafana, influxdb and collectd.

Install CentOS official EPEL and OpsTools repositories. EPEL provides additional packages to the base CentOS packages and OpsTools provides collectd and more collectd plugins than the ones included in the built-in repositories.

dnf install -y epel-release centos-release-opstools

Add the InfluxDB repository by creating a file in /etc/yum.repos.d/influxdb.repo

[influxdb]
name = InfluxDB Repository - RHEL $releasever
baseurl = https://repos.influxdata.com/centos/$releasever/$basearch/stable
enabled = 1
gpgcheck = 1
gpgkey = https://repos.influxdata.com/influxdb.key

Finally, add the Grafana repository in file /etc/yum.repos.d/grafana.repo

[grafana]
name=grafana
baseurl=https://packages.grafana.com/oss/rpm
repo_gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://packages.grafana.com/gpg.key
sslverify=1
sslcacert=/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt

Keep on reading!

DNF install and conflicting requests – nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module

Here there are broken modules in the DNF package manager. It was a result of an upgrade, but it may occur if some unofficial repositories mess up with them:
On every DNF command, there are multiple problem-reporting lines about conflicts in different DNF modules.

[root@srv ~]# dnf info epel-release
Last metadata expiration check: 0:13:42 ago on Tue Oct 11 13:11:51 2022.
Modular dependency problems:

 Problem 1: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module httpd:2.4:8050020211112043353:b4937e53.x86_64
 Problem 2: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module nginx:1.14:8000020191007205758:55190bc5.x86_64
 Problem 3: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module nodejs:10:8030020210304194401:30b713e6.x86_64
 Problem 4: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module perl:5.26:8000020190628020724:55190bc5.x86_64
 Problem 5: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module perl-IO-Socket-SSL:2.066:8030020201222215140:1e4bbb35.x86_64
 Problem 6: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module perl-libwww-perl:6.34:8030020201223164340:b967a9a2.x86_64
 Problem 7: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module php:7.2:8020020200507003613:2c7ca891.x86_64
 Problem 8: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module satellite-5-client:1.0:8010020191114035551:cdc1202b.x86_64
 Problem 9: conflicting requests
  - nothing provides module(platform:el8) needed by module virt:rhel:8050020211221192853:b4937e53.x86_64
Installed Packages
Name         : epel-release
Version      : 9
Release      : 4.el9
Architecture : noarch
Size         : 25 k
Source       : epel-release-9-4.el9.src.rpm
Repository   : @System
From repo    : epel
Summary      : Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux repository configuration
URL          : http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel
License      : GPLv2
Description  : This package contains the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository
             : GPG key as well as configuration for yum.

The DNF package manager offers modules to group software. Each module may have one or multiple streams, representing the major version of the software it groups in a single entity. As can be seen above from the DNF output, the module name is httpd and the stream is 2.4. It is clear the module httpd is responsible for the installation of Apache Web server. More on the subject here – https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/modularity/using-modules/

To fix the problems above and clear the errors just reset the modules to their initial default state with:

dnf module reset httpd

Keep on reading!

How To Install Linux, Apache, MySQL (MariaDB), PHP-FPM (LAMP) Stack on CentOS Stream 9

main menu
PHP Version 8.0.20

This article describes how to install a Web server with application back-end PHP and database back-end MySQL using MariaDB. In continuing the same topic, but with different software from the previous article – How To Install Linux, Nginx, MySQL (MariaDB), PHP-FPM (LEMP) Stack on CentOS Stream 9, where the Web server is Nginx with application back-end PHP-FPM, which is a sort of CGI (FastCGI). In this article, the Web server is Apache and the application is again PHP-FPM, because since the CentOS 8 the Apache mod_php is deprecated.
All the software installed throughout this article is from the CentOS Stream 9 official repositories including the EPEL repository. The machine is installed with a minimal installation of CentOS Stream 9 and there is a how-to here – Network installation of CentOS Stream 9 (20220606.0) – minimal server installation.
Here are the steps to perform:

  1. Install, configure and start the database MariaDB.
  2. Install, configure and start the PHP-FPM and PHP cli.
  3. Install, configure and start the Web server Apache 2.x.
  4. Configure the system – firewall and SELinux.
  5. Test the installation with a phpMyAdmin installation.
  6. Bonus – Apache HTTPS with SSL certificate – self-signed and letsencrypt.

STEP 1) Install, configure and start the database MariaDB.

First, install the MariaDB server by:

dnf install -y mariadb-server

To configure the MariaDB server, the main file is /etc/my.cnf, which just includes all files under the folder /etc/my.cnf.d/

[root@srv ~]# cat /etc/my.cnf
#
# This group is read both both by the client and the server
# use it for options that affect everything
#
[client-server]

#
# include all files from the config directory
#
!includedir /etc/my.cnf.d

[root@srv ~]# ls -altr /etc/my.cnf.d/
total 32
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  295 Mar 25  2022 client.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  120 May 18 07:55 spider.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  232 May 18 07:55 mysql-clients.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  763 May 18 07:55 enable_encryption.preset
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root 1458 Jun 13 13:24 mariadb-server.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root   42 Jun 13 13:29 auth_gssapi.cnf
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root 4096 Oct  6 06:34 .
drwxr-xr-x. 81 root root 4096 Oct  6 06:34 ..

The most important file for the MariaDB server is /etc/my.cnf.d/mariadb-server.cnf, where all the server options are included. Under section “[mysqld]” add options to tune the MariaDB server. Supported options could be found here: https://mariadb.com/kb/en/mysqld-options/
Add the following options under “[mysqld]” in /etc/my.cnf.d/mariadb-server.cnf
Keep on reading!

How To Install Linux, Nginx, MySQL (MariaDB), PHP-FPM (LEMP) Stack on CentOS Stream 9

main menu
dnf mariadb

This article presents how to install a Web server with application back-end PHP and database back-end MySQL using MariaDB. All the software installed throughout this article is from the CentOS Stream 9 official repositories including the EPEL repository. The machine is installed with a minimal installation of CentOS Stream 9 and there is a how-to here – Network installation of CentOS Stream 9 (20220606.0) – minimal server installation.
Here are the steps to perform:

  1. Install, configure and start the database MariaDB.
  2. Install, configure and start the PHP-FPM and PHP cli.
  3. Install, configure and start the Web server Nginx.
  4. Configure the system – firewall and SELinux.
  5. Test the installation with a phpMyAdmin installation.
  6. Bonus – Nginx HTTPS with SSL certificate – self-signed and letsencrypt.

STEP 1) Install, configure and start the database MariaDB.

First, install the MariaDB server by:

dnf install -y mariadb-server

To configure the MariaDB server, the main file is /etc/my.cnf, which just includes all files under the folder /etc/my.cnf.d/

[root@srv ~]# cat /etc/my.cnf
#
# This group is read both both by the client and the server
# use it for options that affect everything
#
[client-server]

#
# include all files from the config directory
#
!includedir /etc/my.cnf.d

[root@srv ~]# ls -altr /etc/my.cnf.d/
total 32
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  295 Mar 25  2022 client.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  120 May 18 07:55 spider.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  232 May 18 07:55 mysql-clients.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  763 May 18 07:55 enable_encryption.preset
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root 1458 Jun 13 13:24 mariadb-server.cnf
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root   42 Jun 13 13:29 auth_gssapi.cnf
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root 4096 Oct  6 06:34 .
drwxr-xr-x. 81 root root 4096 Oct  6 06:34 ..

The most important file for the MariaDB server is /etc/my.cnf.d/mariadb-server.cnf, where all the server options are included. Under section “[mysqld]” add options to tune the MariaDB server. Supported options could be found here: https://mariadb.com/kb/en/mysqld-options/
Add the following options under “[mysqld]” in /etc/my.cnf.d/mariadb-server.cnf
Keep on reading!

How to upgrade to CentOS Stream 9 from CentOS Stream 8

This article will show how to update to CentOS Stream 9 from CentOS Stream 8.

main menu
grub entries

If only official repositories are used it is fairly easy to upgrade to the new rolling based CentOS Stream 9 release, which follows the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9. Using unofficial or users’ repositories CentOS Stream 8 may lead to unstable system or break user’s system following this tutorial. First, check out for CentOS Stream 9 compatibility issues the currently installed repositories if some specific or unofficial are used.
The following article uses a CentOS Stream 9 with only the official default repositories and in addition, the EPEL repository, which has a CentOS Stream 9 support.
How to install – Network installation of CentOS Stream 9 (20220606.0) – minimal server installation with additional information about important CentOS Stream 9 URLs and links and what kind of software the user can expect to have Software and technical details of CentOS Stream 9 minimal install. Camparing the packages of the two systems – a clean install of CentOS Stream 9 and an upgrade from CentOS Stream 8, the clean install has 377 packages installed and the upgrade has 387 packages installed. The strated processes are the same except the chronyd service is not started on boot. chronyd daemon offers a time synchronization.

STEP 1) All installed packages should be updated to the latest versions.

[root@srv ~]# dnf update -y
Last metadata expiration check: 0:09:08 ago on Tue Oct  4 12:12:07 2022.
Dependencies resolved.
Nothing to do.
Complete!

The DNF tool reports that all packages are up-to-date, because there is nothing to upgrade.

STEP 2) A cleanup of all packages, which are not required anymore.

Check orphan and leaves packages. Some of the packages here may be used by the user explicitly, so it is important to know the system. Remove the packages if not used by the system and they are showed as an output of the following commands and they are not used by the user of the system.

[root@srv ~]# dnf repoquery --unneeded
Last metadata expiration check: 0:12:56 ago on Tue Oct  4 12:12:07 2022.
NetworkManager-initscripts-updown-1:1.40.0-1.el8.noarch
grub2-tools-efi-1:2.02-129.el8.x86_64
libmetalink-0:0.1.3-7.el8.x86_64
pciutils-0:3.7.0-1.el8.x86_64
python3-configobj-0:5.0.6-11.el8.noarch
python3-schedutils-0:0.6-6.el8.x86_64
rdma-core-0:41.0-1.el8.x86_64
[root@srv ~]# dnf repoquery --extras
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:12 ago on Tue Oct  4 12:34:17 2022.

Remove the unneeded packages:
Keep on reading!

Generate the rescue kernel boot entry in CentOS Stream 9

main menu
Generate the rescue kernel

Regenerating the vmlinuz and initramfs for the rescue kernel of currently installed kernel under CentOS Stream 9 is really simple. There is a package dracut-config-rescue, which delivers a bash script (/usr/lib/kernel/install.d/51-dracut-rescue.install) to help generate a rescue kernel.

STEP 1) Move the old rescue kernel in a backup directory.

Remove the current rescue kernel from the /boot.

[root@srv ~]# ls -altr /boot/|grep rescue
-rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 10030216 Apr 12  2021 vmlinuz-0-rescue-b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e
-rw-------.  1 root root 77700560 Apr 12  2021 initramfs-0-rescue-b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e.img
[root@srv ~]# mkdir /tmp/old-rescue
[root@srv ~]# mv /boot/*-rescue-* /tmp/old-rescue/
[root@srv ~]# ls -altr /tmp/old-rescue/
total 85684
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 10030216 Apr 12  2021 vmlinuz-0-rescue-b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e
-rw-------. 1 root root 77700560 Apr 12  2021 initramfs-0-rescue-b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e.img
drwxrwxrwt. 9 root root     4096 Oct  5 10:00 ..
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root     4096 Oct  5 10:01 .
[root@srv ~]# mv /boot/loader/entries/b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e-0-rescue.conf /tmp/old-rescue/

STEP 2) Regenerate the rescue kernel and the Grub boot entry.

Regenerate the with the /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/51-dracut-rescue.install the rescue kernel and the Grub entry by executing the following command:

[root@srv ~]# /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/51-dracut-rescue.install add $(uname -r) /boot /boot/vmlinuz-$(uname -r)

The command does not output anything on successful generation, but there are 3 new files with rescue in the name:

[root@srv ~]# find /boot/ -name '*rescue*'
/boot/loader/entries/b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e-0-rescue.conf
/boot/vmlinuz-0-rescue-b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e
/boot/initramfs-0-rescue-b2a198ecbfdd451cb905f76f825af01e.img

Here are the valid arguments to generate the rescue kernel:

  1. add – the command what to do the script.
  2. kernel version – the kernel version, for which the script to generate the rescue kernel.
  3. boot directory – the boot directory, where the rescue kernel will be saved.
  4. kernel image – the kernel image against the script will produce the rescue kernel.

Bonus) Additional information.

It is interesting to mention, now, the script /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/51-dracut-rescue.install seems unfinished, because it does not include “USAGE” output and “remove” command is not implemented! The usage part is even stranger, because when the script is executed with wrong or without arguments it throws error for missing “usage command” (in fact, “usage” bash function):

[root@srv ~]# /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/51-dracut-rescue.install
/usr/lib/kernel/install.d/51-dracut-rescue.install: line 129: usage: command not found

The remove command is just not implemented and it exits the script with 0, which WILL NOT remove a kernel rescue entry.

[root@srv ~]# grep remove -A 4 /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/51-dracut-rescue.install
    remove)
        exit 0
        ;;

    *)

This is the situation for the latest version at present:

[root@srv ~]# dnf info dracut-config-rescue
Last metadata expiration check: 1:35:30 ago on Wed 05 Oct 2022 09:06:59 AM UTC.
Installed Packages
Name         : dracut-config-rescue
Version      : 057
Release      : 13.git20220816.el9
Architecture : x86_64
Size         : 3.5 k
Source       : dracut-057-13.git20220816.el9.src.rpm
Repository   : @System
From repo    : baseos
Summary      : dracut configuration to turn on rescue image generation
URL          : https://dracut.wiki.kernel.org/
License      : GPLv2+ and LGPLv2+ and GPLv2
Description  : This package provides the configuration to turn on the rescue initramfs
             : generation with dracut.

More topics on CentOS Stream 9 here.

Run LXC Ubuntu 22.04 LTS container with bridged network under CentOS Stream 9

In continuation of the previous article Run LXC CentOS Stream 9 container with bridged network under CentOS Stream 9, this time the LXC container will be Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish.
To receive a better understanding why to use LXC or a much detailed information of some steps in this article it is better to visit the previously mention article and the original Run LXC CentOS 8 container with bridged network under CentOS 8.

STEP 1) Install the needed software EPEL repository and the LXC and its dependencies

To install LXC software the EPEL CentOS Stream 9 repository must be installed. At present, the LXC included in CentOS Stream 9 EPEL repository is 4.0.

dnf install -y epel-release
dnf install -y lxc lxc-templates container-selinux
dnf install -y wget tar

lxc-templates uses template “download” to download different Linux distribution images from http://images.linuxcontainers.org/, which now redirects to http://uk.lxd.images.canonical.com/ (an Ubuntu lxd images mirror).
The container-selinux should be installed only if the host, i.e. the CentOS Stream 9 install, is with enabled SELinux. The packages offers additional SELinux rules or for the LXC and LXC tools like lxc-attach and more.

STEP 2) Create a Ubuntu 22.04 LTS with the help of LXC templates

[root@srv ~]# lxc-create --template download -n mycontainer -- --dist centos --release 9-Stream --arch amd64

In addition, there is a “–variant” option along with “--dist” and “--release” to specify which variant to install – default, cloud, desktop or other. There is a variant column in the table on the images’ page mentioned above.
Keep on reading!

Run LXC CentOS Stream 9 container with bridged network under CentOS Stream 9

In continue of the previous article with CentOS 8 – Run LXC CentOS 8 container with bridged network under CentOS 8, here is an updated version with CentOS Stream 9 running LXC container. In this case, the LXC container is CentOS Stream 9, too.
Under CentOS 8, the LXC software is from branch 3.x, but in CentOS Stream 9 the LXC is 4.x and there are some differences in the LXC configuration file.
It’s worth mentioning the differences between docker/podman containers and LXC from the previous article:

  • Multiprocesses.
  • Easy configuration modification. Even hot-plugin supported.
  • Unprivileged Linux containers.
  • Complex network setups. Multiple network interfaces connected to different networks, for example.
  • Live systemd, i.e. systemd or SysV init are booted as usual. Much of the software relies on systemd/udev features and in many cases, it is really hard to run software without a systemd or init process

Here are the steps to boot a CentOS Stream 9 container under CentOS Stream 9 host server:

STEP 1) Install EPEL repository.

EPEL CentOS Stream 9 repository now includes LXC 4.0 software.

dnf install -y epel-release

STEP 2) Install LXC software and start LXC service.

At present, the LXC software version is 4.0.12. The package lxc-templates includes template scripts to create a Linux distribution environment like CentOS, Ubuntu, Debian, Gentoo, ArchLinux, Oracle, Alpine, and many others and it also includes the configuration templates to start these Linux distributions. In fact, lxc-templates now includes a download script to download images from the Internet.

dnf install -y lxc lxc-templates container-selinux
dnf install -y wget tar

The wget and tar are required if LXC templates installation is going to be performed.
There is an additional package for container’s SELinux, which should be installed before starting the LXC service, because some of the SELinux rules may not apply in the system. If the SELinux is disabled the installation of container-selinux package might be skipped.

STEP 3) Create a CentOS Stream 9 container with the help of LXC templates and run it.

Use the lxc-templates to prepare a CentOS Stream 9 container environment. The currently available containers are listed here http://images.linuxcontainers.org/, which now redirects to http://uk.lxd.images.canonical.com/ (an Ubuntu lxd images mirror). Check out the URL and choose the right container. Here the CentOS Stream 9 amd64, i.e. release 9-Stream, is used.

[root@srv ~]# lxc-create --template download -n mycontainer -- --dist centos --release 9-Stream --arch amd64

In addition, there is a “–variant” option along with “--dist” and “--release” to specify which variant to install – default, cloud, desktop or other. There is a variant column in the table on the images’ page mentioned above.
Keep on reading!

Review of freshly installed CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

After the tutorial of Install CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome GUI) this tutorial is mainly to see what to expect from a freshly installed CentOS Stream 9 Workstation installation – the look and feel of the GUI (Gnome – version 40).

  • Xorg X server – 1.20.11
  • GNOME (the GUI) – 40.4.0
  • linux kernel – 5.14.0

More technical details are available for the server installation, which is not different from the workstation but the GUI (Gnome) installed – Software and technical details of CentOS Stream 9 minimal install. The later article may be of interest to developers, too. The CentOS Stream 9 Workstation install may install all of the listed software for CentOS Stream 9 Server.
The idea of this tutorial is just to see what to expect from CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome)the look and feel of the GUI, the default installed programs and their look and how to do some basic steps with them. Here the reader finds more than 125 screenshots and not so many text the main idea is not to distract the user with much text and version information and 3 meaningless screenshot, which the reader cannot see anything for the user interface, but these days the user interface is the primary goal of a Desktop system. More reviews of the kind will follow in the future …

CentOS is a pretty stable Linux Distribution System, which follows the paid Red Hat enterprise RHEL 9. And if the user really just wants a stable OS with a GUI for the next let’s say 5-10 years with support and fast security updates the CentOS Stream 9 might be perfect for it! Developing on this platform should be easy, too, because it supports all kind of virtualization and despite it may not include the bleeding edge libraries and software, it is easy enough to install latest software in a full or para virtualization or a container!

For all installation and review articles real workstations are used, not virtual environments!

SCREENSHOT 1) Fedora Linux (5.14.0-119.el9.x86_64) 9

main menu
grub 2.06 entry boot

Keep on reading!

Install CentOS Stream 9 Workstation (Gnome GUI)

This is the latest CentOS version with a graphical interface Gnome for a workstation. If you are a developer or just a Linux user, which want to have a pretty stable Operating System, the CentOS Stream 9 may be an option for you. CentOS Stream 9 is based and follows the RedHat Enterprise Linux 9 – paid Linux for the enterprise world, which is available for free thanks to the Open-source Software. CentOS Stream 9 will receive all the updates from the paid Linux system RHEL 9 and the support will be 10 years from now. 5 years of full support and 5 more years of security updates. The use of CentOS Stream 9 assures the user to have a stable and secure Linux operating system, which will not bring fundamental changes and breaks things periodically as of a more enthusiastic Linux Distributions. More information for the system here – Software and technical details of CentOS Stream 9 minimal install and Software comparison Ubuntu server 22.04 LTS vs CentOS Stream 9 head-to-head
The CentOS Stream 9 has a generic installation wizard for multiple type of installations – server, server with gui, user workstation and so on. This article is to show what options to enable to install a user workstation with CentOS Stream 9 with a graphical interface – Gnome. Most of the people think CentOS as a server Linux Distribution, but in fact, it is ideal for a workstation, too, especially with the grade of stability and security these days.
This article uses network installation with the following media: http://mirror.stream.centos.org/9-stream/BaseOS/x86_64/iso/CentOS-Stream-9-latest-x86_64-boot.iso which always points to the latest release of the CentOS Stream 9. The network installation will choose automatically the best mirror to download the packages for the system. There is an option to use an off-line installation with an 8G ISO disk. Check out for more ISOs here – http://mirror.stream.centos.org/9-stream/BaseOS/x86_64/iso/

SCREENSHOT 1) Boot from the UEFI DVD-ROM device.

It is the same with the USB bootable removable drive. Choose the UEFI USB drive and boot the installation live drive.

main menu
UEFI BIOS DVD-ROM boot

Keep on reading!