The following article compares two different and very popular for servers Linux distros with Ubuntu Server 22.04 LTS (Jammy) and CentOS Stream 9. These are the latest versions released in the past month. Bear in mind, that they have different release cycle, but the these are the system with log support up to 2032! The two Linux distors Ubuntu Server 22.04 LTS (Jammy) and CentOS Stream 9 support is till 2032! Here is the links to their life cycle and what kind of support could be expected in the time frame of 10 years:
In the Desktop world upgrading to the new and latest version of a Linux distribution is almost mandatory, but in the server world, upgrading is more complicated. The first step in updating a server is to check what software versions come with the new distribution version and then check whether the running custom (application) software supports the software versions. For example, updating to a new distribution version, which comes with PHP 8.1, but the current application supports only 7.4 is not very wise and in addition, the current version may have years of support in the future.
This article is for those of you who do not want to install a whole new operating system only to discover some technical details about the default installation like disk layout, packages included, software versions, and so on. Here we are going to review in several sections what is like to have a default installation of Fedora Server 35 using a realnot virtual machine!
The kernel is 5.14.10 it detects successfully the Threadripper 1950X AMD and the system is stable (we booted in UEFI mode).
The installation procedure uses default options for all installation setups – Minimal network installation of Fedora 35 Server. Installed packages are 604 occupying 1.7G space:. Note, this is Fedora Server Install, not minimal install. The server install includes the web console – cockpit version 254.
[root@srv ~]# dnf list installed|wc -l
[root@srv ~]# df -h /
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/fedora_fedora-root 15G 1.4G 14G 10% /
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS server edition offers the following software and versions:
linux kernel – 5.4.0 – 5.4.0-29-generic
linux-firmware – 1.187
libc – 2.31 – 2.31-0ubuntu9
GNU GCC – multiple versions available – 7.5.0, 8.4.0, 9.3.0 and 10-20200411. The exact versions – 7.5.0-6ubuntu2, 8.4.0-3ubuntu2, 9.3.0-10ubuntu2 and 10-20200411-0ubuntu1
OpenSSL – 1.1.1f – 1.1.1f-1ubuntu2
coreutils – 8.308.30-3ubuntu2
apt – 2.0.2ubuntu0.1
rsyslog – 8.2001.0 – 8.2001.0-1ubuntu1
Apache – 2.4.41 – 2.4.41-4ubuntu3
Nginx – 1.17.10 – 1.17.10-0ubuntu1
MySQL server – 126.96.36.199.20-0ubuntu0.20.04.1
MariaDB server – 10.3.22 – 10.3.22-1ubuntu1
PostgreSQL – 12.2-4
LTS the user may install
PHP – 7.4 – 7.4.3-4ubuntu1.1
python – 3.8.2 (3.8.2-0ubuntu2) and also includes 2.7.17 (2.7.17-2ubuntu4)
perl – 5.30.0 and also includes perl 6 6.d-2
ruby – 2.7 – 2.7+1
OpenJDK – includes multiple versions – 8, 11, 13 and 14. The exact versions are 8u252-b09-1ubuntu1, 11.0.7+10-3ubuntu1, 13.0.3+3-1ubuntu2 and 14.0.1+7-1ubuntu1
Go lang – multiple versions – 1.13.8 and 1.14.2. The exact versions – 1.13.8-1ubuntu1 and 1.14.2-1ubuntu1
Rust – 1.41.0 – 1.41.0+dfsg1+llvm-0ubuntu2
Subversion – 1.13.0 – 1.13.0-3
Git – 2.25.1 – 2.25.1-1ubuntu3
llvm – multiple versions – 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. The exact versions – 6.0.1-14, 7.0.1-12, 8.0.1-9, 9.0.1-12, 10.0-50~exp1
Graphical User Interface
Xorg X server – 1.20.8 – 1.20.8-2ubuntu2
GNOME (the GUI) – 3.36.x – Gnome Shell – 3.36.1
Note: Not all of the above software comes installed by default. The versions above are valid for the intial release so in fact, these are the minimal versions you get with Ubuntu 20 LTS and installing and updating it after the initial date may update some of the above packages with new versions. Installed packages are 582 occupying 11G space.
During the installation wizard you may want to install the following snap software environments. Of course, this software is available after the installation setup, too.
This article is for those of you who do not want to install a whole new operating system only to discover some technical details about the default installation like, disk layout, packages included, software versions and so on. Here we are going to review in several sections what is like to have a default installation of CentOS 6.10.
Despite the old kernel, as you can see branch 2.6.x (2.6.32) it detects successfully the new RYZEN/Threadripper AMD and the system is stable (though we could not boot in UEFI mode!).
The CentOS 6.10 you can have
Xorg X server – 1.17.4
GNOME (the GUI) – 2.28.2
K Desktop Environment – Workspace 4.3.4
linux kernel – 2.6.32 (2.6.32-754.el6)
linux-firmware – no version, multiple packages for the drivers
QT – 4.6.2
libc – 2.12
gnu gcc – 4.4.7
coreutils – 8.4
yum – 3.2.29
cups – 1.4.2
MySQL server – 5.1.73
PHP – 5.3.3
python – 2.6.6
perl – 5.10.1
ruby – 188.8.131.524
OpenJDK – 184.108.40.206.b12 and also includes 220.127.116.11 and 18.104.22.168
Note: Not all of the above software comes installed by default. Installed packages are 268 occupying 717M space:
[root@srv ~]# yum list installed|wc -l
[root@srv ~]# df -h /
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
50G 717M 46G 2% /
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