Having many Supermicro servers we used multiple times Virtual Media to install, diagnose and rescue Supermicro server. It is really simple to open the Console Redirection – java web start and just mount the ISO file from Virtual Media -> ISO File, but this way if your server is not local to your network and it is located in a colocation as it should be the connection is slow and in many cases bogus! Because it uses UDP it happened many times to remount or just to lose the connection and the media to disappear in the middle of the booting/loading process from the installation media, for example. And probably you have noticed there is additional option in the web interface of mounting ISO file from a windows share. Of course, in linux world it might be samba share as in our case and the share could be easily configured on a server in your colocation.
And we noticed was several times we have no problems using it, but some time the share could not be even saved and respectively could not be mounted. No error reported, just the edit boxes resets to blank and apparently everything was the same as the previous box, which it worked as a charm!
Here are the steps to enable one of your CentOS 7 servers to share a resource and to use it in your Supermicro IPMI KVM. The server is selinux enabled and the policy is Enforcing.
STEP 1) Install samba server in CentOS 7
[root@srv0 ~]# yum -y install samba samba-client samba-common policycoreutils-python Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Determining fastest mirrors epel/x86_64/metalink | 30 kB 00:00:00 * base: mirrors.neterra.net * epel: mirrors.neterra.net * extras: mirrors.neterra.net * updates: mirrors.neterra.net base | 3.6 kB 00:00:00 epel | 3.2 kB 00:00:00 extras | 3.4 kB 00:00:00 updates | 3.4 kB 00:00:00 (1/7): base/7/x86_64/group_gz | 166 kB 00:00:00 (2/7): epel/x86_64/group_gz | 88 kB 00:00:00 (3/7): base/7/x86_64/primary_db | 5.9 MB 00:00:00 (4/7): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db | 147 kB 00:00:00 (5/7): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db | 2.0 MB 00:00:00 (6/7): epel/x86_64/updateinfo | 932 kB 00:00:00 (7/7): epel/x86_64/primary | 3.5 MB 00:00:00 epel 12584/12584 Package samba-client-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version Package samba-common-4.7.1-6.el7.noarch already installed and latest version Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package samba.x86_64 0:4.7.1-6.el7 will be installed --> Processing Dependency: samba-libs = 4.7.1-6.el7 for package: samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: samba-common-tools = 4.7.1-6.el7 for package: samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libxattr-tdb-samba4.so(SAMBA_4.7.1)(64bit) for package: samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libaio.so.1(LIBAIO_0.4)(64bit) for package: samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libaio.so.1(LIBAIO_0.1)(64bit) for package: samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libxattr-tdb-samba4.so()(64bit) for package: samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libaio.so.1()(64bit) for package: samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Running transaction check ---> Package libaio.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7 will be installed ---> Package samba-common-tools.x86_64 0:4.7.1-6.el7 will be installed ---> Package samba-libs.x86_64 0:4.7.1-6.el7 will be installed --> Processing Dependency: libpytalloc-util.so.2(PYTALLOC_UTIL_2.1.9)(64bit) for package: samba-libs-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libpytalloc-util.so.2(PYTALLOC_UTIL_2.1.6)(64bit) for package: samba-libs-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libpytalloc-util.so.2(PYTALLOC_UTIL_2.0.6)(64bit) for package: samba-libs-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libpytalloc-util.so.2()(64bit) for package: samba-libs-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 --> Running transaction check ---> Package pytalloc.x86_64 0:2.1.10-1.el7 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ====================================================================================================================================================================== Package Arch Version Repository Size ====================================================================================================================================================================== Installing: samba x86_64 4.7.1-6.el7 base 661 k Installing for dependencies: libaio x86_64 0.3.109-13.el7 base 24 k pytalloc x86_64 2.1.10-1.el7 base 17 k samba-common-tools x86_64 4.7.1-6.el7 base 463 k samba-libs x86_64 4.7.1-6.el7 base 275 k Transaction Summary ====================================================================================================================================================================== Install 1 Package (+4 Dependent packages) Total download size: 1.4 M Installed size: 3.8 M Downloading packages: (1/5): libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64.rpm | 24 kB 00:00:00 (2/5): pytalloc-2.1.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm | 17 kB 00:00:00 (3/5): samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64.rpm | 661 kB 00:00:00 (4/5): samba-common-tools-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64.rpm | 463 kB 00:00:00 (5/5): samba-libs-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64.rpm | 275 kB 00:00:00 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 4.5 MB/s | 1.4 MB 00:00:00 Running transaction check Running transaction test Transaction test succeeded Running transaction Installing : pytalloc-2.1.10-1.el7.x86_64 1/5 Installing : samba-libs-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 2/5 Installing : samba-common-tools-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 3/5 Installing : libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64 4/5 Installing : samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 5/5 Verifying : libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64 1/5 Verifying : samba-libs-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 2/5 Verifying : samba-common-tools-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 3/5 Verifying : samba-4.7.1-6.el7.x86_64 4/5 Verifying : pytalloc-2.1.10-1.el7.x86_64 5/5 Installed: samba.x86_64 0:4.7.1-6.el7 Dependency Installed: libaio.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7 pytalloc.x86_64 0:2.1.10-1.el7 samba-common-tools.x86_64 0:4.7.1-6.el7 samba-libs.x86_64 0:4.7.1-6.el7 Complete! [root@srv0 ~]#
STEP 2) Configure samba server CentOS 7 for the purpose of using it in IPMI Virtual share.
We are going to use a share without login credentials, because our KVM IP are always local ones and accessed via a vpn network and in addition only the network of the IPMI IPs could access the share (the samba server has a firewall configured).
Set the configuration file of the samba server – one directory storing the files shared with no login credentials (no username/password means anonymous login).
The configuration file is:
[global] workgroup = WINSHARE server string = Samba Server %v netbios name = centossrv security = user map to guest = bad user dns proxy = no #============================ Share Definitions ============================== [share] path = /mnt/storage1/samba browsable =yes writable = no guest ok = yes read only = yes
As you can see we use “/mnt/storage1/samba” for our directory where the ISO files will be located. Change this path if you want to put your ISO files somewhere else.
Set the right permissions for the directory and selinux (if you server is not selinux enabled, you could skip the selinux part) and run the samba daemon:
[root@srv0 ~]# mkdir /mnt/storage1/samba [root@srv0 ~]# chown -R nobody:nobody /mnt/storage1/samba/ [root@srv0 ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t samba_share_t '/mnt/storage1/samba(/.*)?' [root@srv0 ~]# restorecon -Rv /mnt/storage1/samba/ restorecon reset /mnt/storage1/samba context unconfined_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0->unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 [root@srv0 ~]# cd /mnt/storage1/samba/ [root@srv0 samba]# wget http://mirror.leaseweb.com/centos/7.5.1804/isos/x86_64/CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1804.iso --2018-06-01 14:15:42-- http://mirror.leaseweb.com/centos/7.5.1804/isos/x86_64/CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1804.iso Resolving mirror.leaseweb.com (mirror.leaseweb.com)... 18.104.22.168, 2a00:c98:2030:a034::21 Connecting to mirror.leaseweb.com (mirror.leaseweb.com)|22.214.171.124|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 950009856 (906M) [application/octet-stream] Saving to: ‘CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1804.iso’ 100%[============================================================================================================================>] 950,009,856 40.1MB/s in 33s 2018-06-01 14:16:15 (27.3 MB/s) - ‘CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1804.iso’ saved [950009856/950009856] [root@srv0 samba]# chown nobody:nobody CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1804.iso [root@srv0 samba]# systemctl start smb [root@srv0 samba]# systemctl status smb ● smb.service - Samba SMB Daemon Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/smb.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled) Active: active (running) since Fri 2018-06-01 14:17:57 UTC; 20s ago Main PID: 31961 (smbd) Status: "smbd: ready to serve connections..." Tasks: 4 Memory: 19.0M CGroup: /system.slice/smb.service ├─31961 /usr/sbin/smbd --foreground --no-process-group ├─31964 /usr/sbin/smbd --foreground --no-process-group ├─31965 /usr/sbin/smbd --foreground --no-process-group └─31966 /usr/sbin/smbd --foreground --no-process-group Jun 01 14:17:56 srv0@local systemd: Starting Samba SMB Daemon... Jun 01 14:17:57 srv0@local smbd: [2018/06/01 14:17:57.761913, 0] ../lib/util/become_daemon.c:124(daemon_ready) Jun 01 14:17:57 srv0@local smbd: STATUS=daemon 'smbd' finished starting up and ready to serve connections Jun 01 14:17:57 srv0@local systemd: Started Samba SMB Daemon.
Configure the firewall to allow only connections from the IPMI KVM IP networks (or a single IP if you need to expose it in the Internet). You can work with build in zone “trusted”, but here we prefer more generic approach, which could be used not only for local IP networks but for real IPs:
[root@srv0 samba]# firewall-cmd --new-zone=smbshare --permanent success [root@srv0 samba]# firewall-cmd --zone=smbshare --add-source=192.168.7.0/24 --permanent success [root@srv0 samba]# firewall-cmd --zone=smbshare --add-service=samba --permanent success [root@srv0 samba]# firewall-cmd --zone=smbshare --add-service=samba-client --permanent success [root@srv00 samba]# firewall-cmd --reload success [root@srv00 samba]# firewall-cmd --zone=smbshare --list-all smbshare (active) target: default icmp-block-inversion: no interfaces: sources: 192.168.7.0/24 services: samba samba-client ports: protocols: masquerade: no forward-ports: source-ports: icmp-blocks: rich rules: [root@srv00 samba]#
STEP 3) Mount a disk in IPMI Virutal Media and boot from it
You could check our additional tutorial for it here –
STEP 3.1) Fill “Share host” and “Path image” only, because we configured our samba share without a password
STEP 3.2) Upon a successful configuration saving you’ll get a confirmation dialog.
If no confirmation is shown you would not be able to mount the share, check out our Troubleshooting below!
STEP 3.3) After saving the configuration click on “Mount” to load your ISO file in the virtual CD-ROM.
STEP 3.4) This dialog is always shown no matter there is such share or not: “Please check the device status to confirm whether the image is mounted/unmounted.”
STEP 3.5) If the Supermicro IPMI accessed successfully the share resource it would mount it (load the ISO file as s CD in the virtual CD-ROM).
If not the three Device 1,2,3 will show the same: “No disk emulation set.”, which means the samba share is not accessible, check the permissions for the file and the firewall first (and the logs files, too).
15 thoughts on “Configure and mount samba share in Supermicro IPMI Virtual media (CD-ROM)”
This tip is very useful and helped me a lot. Only an additional information, the semanage tool wasn’t installed in the server, so I ran the command “yum provides /usr/sbin/semanage” and checked it’s provide by core python utilities, so I ran “yum -y install policycoreutils-python”, and I could continue the steps with sucess.
Thank you very much for share.
yes you need policycoreutils-python for semanage and I added it to the tutorial above.
Thank you for the note.
Try to do it on centos8 and it didnt work for me.
Can you please let me know if there are more special step?
Hi, Try to do it on centos8 and it didnt work for me. Can you please let me know if there are more special step?
Thanks for this. I am having a little trouble. My share is available -I accessed the ISO from a Chromebook.
The Supermicro IPMI still seems to use SMB protocol version 1 which is disabled by most modern samba servers. Try adding “server min protocol = NT1” to the “[global]” section of your /etc/samba/smb.conf. That fixed it for us.
Thanks Torsten, great hint!
I had this same issue with FREENAS, had to turn on SMB1 protocol for it to work.
Amazing tip! I had to enable the older protocol when sharing from Ubuntu 20.04. I was so frustrated it wasn’t working before trying this! Thank you!
You rock it @Torsten. Your tip helped me.
Years later, your post is still saving folk like me! Thanks
I would like to mention that you have to allow your SAMBA server in IP Access list too. It took me a while to realise that.
THANK YOU! I could not find the right set of options which would work with Supermicro.
Try to do it on centos8 and it didnt work for me.
Can you please let me know if there are more special step?