Technical details of Fedora Workstation 31 (Gnome GUI)

Storage

Default installation on a single disk, which has only free space on you disk or you reclaimed all the occupied space during installation. Install Fedora Workstation 31 (Gnome GUI) needs at least 21G space for the default installation, so if you select a destination disk, which has less than 21G of space you should delete existing partitions to free up space or let Fedora Workstation 31 installer to do default installation asking you to reclaim the disk space. We used the whole disk for the installation.
By default Fedora Workstation 31 uses.

  1. ext4 – file system
  2. lvm – root, home and swap partitions
  3. boot, root and home on separate partitions
  4. vfat – efi partition.

Fedora Workstation 31 installation:

  1. Disk layout

    [root@srv ~]# parted -l
    Model: ATA KINGSTON SNV425S (scsi)
    Disk /dev/sda: 128GB
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: gpt
    Disk Flags: 
    
    Number  Start   End     Size    File system  Name                  Flags
     1      1049kB  630MB   629MB   fat32        EFI System Partition  boot, esp
     2      630MB   1704MB  1074MB  ext4
     3      1704MB  128GB   126GB                                      lvm
    
    
    Model: Samsung SSD 960 PRO 512GB (nvme)
    Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 512GB
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: gpt
    Disk Flags: 
    
    Number  Start   End    Size    File system  Name                          Flags
     1      1049kB  524MB  523MB   ntfs         Basic data partition          hidden, diag
     2      524MB   628MB  104MB   fat32        EFI system partition          boot, esp
     3      628MB   645MB  16.8MB               Microsoft reserved partition  msftres
     4      645MB   512GB  511GB   ntfs         Basic data partition          msftdata
    
    
  2. Mounted Partitions
    [root@srv ~]# df -h
    Filesystem                               Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    devtmpfs                                  16G     0   16G   0% /dev
    tmpfs                                     16G     0   16G   0% /dev/shm
    tmpfs                                     16G  2.2M   16G   1% /run
    /dev/mapper/fedora_localhost--live-root   69G  6.9G   59G  11% /
    tmpfs                                     16G   80K   16G   1% /tmp
    /dev/sda2                                976M  146M  764M  16% /boot
    /dev/sda1                                599M   20M  580M   4% /boot/efi
    /dev/mapper/fedora_localhost--live-home   35G  178M   33G   1% /home
    tmpfs                                    3.2G   11M  3.2G   1% /run/user/1000
    

    Partitions in configuration:

    [root@srv ~]# cat /etc/fstab 
    
    #
    # /etc/fstab
    # Created by anaconda on Fri Nov 15 16:28:11 2019
    #
    # Accessible filesystems, by reference, are maintained under '/dev/disk/'.
    # See man pages fstab(5), findfs(8), mount(8) and/or blkid(8) for more info.
    #
    # After editing this file, run 'systemctl daemon-reload' to update systemd
    # units generated from this file.
    #
    /dev/mapper/fedora_localhost--live-root /                       ext4    defaults        1 1
    UUID=6214c5d6-dd13-4c20-9fb5-5f6c473097b2 /boot                   ext4    defaults        1 2
    UUID=67D7-EDDA          /boot/efi               vfat    umask=0077,shortname=winnt 0 2
    /dev/mapper/fedora_localhost--live-home /home                   ext4    defaults        1 2
    /dev/mapper/fedora_localhost--live-swap none                    swap    defaults        0 0
    
  3. File system layout
    [root@srv ~]# ls -al /
    total 2116
    dr-xr-xr-x.  18 root root    4096 Nov 17 12:57 .
    dr-xr-xr-x.  18 root root    4096 Nov 17 12:57 ..
    lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root       7 Jul 25 03:35 bin -> usr/bin
    dr-xr-xr-x.   7 root root    4096 Nov 15 23:28 boot
    drwxr-xr-x.  21 root root    4440 Nov 17 17:59 dev
    drwxr-xr-x. 146 root root   12288 Nov 17 13:35 etc
    drwxr-xr-x.   4 root root    4096 Nov 15 18:36 home
    lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root       7 Jul 25 03:35 lib -> usr/lib
    lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root       9 Jul 25 03:35 lib64 -> usr/lib64
    drwx------.   2 root root   16384 Oct 24 02:09 lost+found
    drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root    4096 Jul 25 03:35 media
    drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root    4096 Jul 25 03:35 mnt
    drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root    4096 Jul 25 03:35 opt
    dr-xr-xr-x. 462 root root       0 Nov 17 15:35 proc
    dr-xr-x---.   4 root root    4096 Nov 17 04:43 root
    drwxr-xr-x.  48 root root    1300 Nov 17 17:29 run
    lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root       8 Jul 25 03:35 sbin -> usr/sbin
    drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root    4096 Jul 25 03:35 srv
    dr-xr-xr-x.  13 root root       0 Nov 17 13:35 sys
    -rw-r--r--.   1 root root 2092007 Nov 17 12:57 @System.solv
    drwxrwxrwt.  19 root root     420 Nov 17 17:58 tmp
    drwxr-xr-x.  12 root root    4096 Oct 24 02:12 usr
    drwxr-xr-x.  21 root root    4096 Oct 24 02:16 var
    
  4. LVM configuration
    [root@srv ~]# lvmdiskscan -l 
      WARNING: only considering LVM devices
      /dev/sda3      [    <117.66 GiB] LVM physical volume
      0 LVM physical volume whole disks
      1 LVM physical volume
    [root@srv ~]# pvscan
      PV /dev/sda3   VG fedora_localhost-live   lvm2 [117.65 GiB / 0    free]
      Total: 1 [117.65 GiB] / in use: 1 [117.65 GiB] / in no VG: 0 [0   ]
    [root@srv ~]# pvs
      PV         VG                    Fmt  Attr PSize   PFree
      /dev/sda3  fedora_localhost-live lvm2 a--  117.65g    0 
    [root@srv ~]# pvdisplay -m
      --- Physical volume ---
      PV Name               /dev/sda3
      VG Name               fedora_localhost-live
      PV Size               <117.66 GiB / not usable 3.00 MiB
      Allocatable           yes (but full)
      PE Size               4.00 MiB
      Total PE              30119
      Free PE               0
      Allocated PE          30119
      PV UUID               6louHZ-2NLq-5DNL-iNb3-1iyl-xrbU-tb4RJJ
       
      --- Physical Segments ---
      Physical extent 0 to 3052:
        Logical volume      /dev/fedora_localhost-live/swap
        Logical extents     0 to 3052
      Physical extent 3053 to 12198:
        Logical volume      /dev/fedora_localhost-live/home
        Logical extents     0 to 9145
      Physical extent 12199 to 30118:
        Logical volume      /dev/fedora_localhost-live/root
        Logical extents     0 to 17919
       
    [root@srv ~]# vgs -o +devices,lv_path
      VG                    #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize   VFree Devices          Path                           
      fedora_localhost-live   1   3   0 wz--n- 117.65g    0  /dev/sda3(0)     /dev/fedora_localhost-live/swap
      fedora_localhost-live   1   3   0 wz--n- 117.65g    0  /dev/sda3(3053)  /dev/fedora_localhost-live/home
      fedora_localhost-live   1   3   0 wz--n- 117.65g    0  /dev/sda3(12199) /dev/fedora_localhost-live/root
    [root@srv ~]# vgdisplay -v
      --- Volume group ---
      VG Name               fedora_localhost-live
      System ID             
      Format                lvm2
      Metadata Areas        1
      Metadata Sequence No  4
      VG Access             read/write
      VG Status             resizable
      MAX LV                0
      Cur LV                3
      Open LV               3
      Max PV                0
      Cur PV                1
      Act PV                1
      VG Size               117.65 GiB
      PE Size               4.00 MiB
      Total PE              30119
      Alloc PE / Size       30119 / 117.65 GiB
      Free  PE / Size       0 / 0   
      VG UUID               6leZAI-EDDq-1kze-cm1i-k0sG-ugkK-u9WlTC
       
      --- Logical volume ---
      LV Path                /dev/fedora_localhost-live/swap
      LV Name                swap
      VG Name                fedora_localhost-live
      LV UUID                REQQKG-HpF4-vhAo-UZnD-hpAB-IueW-mxDDoL
      LV Write Access        read/write
      LV Creation host, time localhost-live, 2019-11-15 23:19:51 +0200
      LV Status              available
      # open                 2
      LV Size                <11.93 GiB
      Current LE             3053
      Segments               1
      Allocation             inherit
      Read ahead sectors     auto
      - currently set to     256
      Block device           253:1
       
      --- Logical volume ---
      LV Path                /dev/fedora_localhost-live/home
      LV Name                home
      VG Name                fedora_localhost-live
      LV UUID                UHnaEo-oObn-W66X-oDGT-2UmX-KZYf-muJXxC
      LV Write Access        read/write
      LV Creation host, time localhost-live, 2019-11-15 23:19:52 +0200
      LV Status              available
      # open                 1
      LV Size                <35.73 GiB
      Current LE             9146
      Segments               1
      Allocation             inherit
      Read ahead sectors     auto
      - currently set to     256
      Block device           253:2
       
      --- Logical volume ---
      LV Path                /dev/fedora_localhost-live/root
      LV Name                root
      VG Name                fedora_localhost-live
      LV UUID                Xo4pHd-YinQ-m4pk-VK1Z-sPDC-5Mbr-n2HW5f
      LV Write Access        read/write
      LV Creation host, time localhost-live, 2019-11-15 23:19:54 +0200
      LV Status              available
      # open                 1
      LV Size                70.00 GiB
      Current LE             17920
      Segments               1
      Allocation             inherit
      Read ahead sectors     auto
      - currently set to     256
      Block device           253:0
       
      --- Physical volumes ---
      PV Name               /dev/sda3     
      PV UUID               6louHZ-2NLq-5DNL-iNb3-1iyl-xrbU-tb4RJJ
      PV Status             allocatable
      Total PE / Free PE    30119 / 0
       
    [root@srv ~]# lvs --segments
      LV   VG                    Attr       #Str Type   SSize  
      home fedora_localhost-live -wi-ao----    1 linear <35.73g
      root fedora_localhost-live -wi-ao----    1 linear  70.00g
      swap fedora_localhost-live -wi-ao----    1 linear <11.93g
    [root@srv ~]# lvdisplay -m
      --- Logical volume ---
      LV Path                /dev/fedora_localhost-live/swap
      LV Name                swap
      VG Name                fedora_localhost-live
      LV UUID                REQQKG-HpF4-vhAo-UZnD-hpAB-IueW-mxDDoL
      LV Write Access        read/write
      LV Creation host, time localhost-live, 2019-11-15 23:19:51 +0200
      LV Status              available
      # open                 2
      LV Size                <11.93 GiB
      Current LE             3053
      Segments               1
      Allocation             inherit
      Read ahead sectors     auto
      - currently set to     256
      Block device           253:1
       
      --- Segments ---
      Logical extents 0 to 3052:
        Type                linear
        Physical volume     /dev/sda3
        Physical extents    0 to 3052
       
       
      --- Logical volume ---
      LV Path                /dev/fedora_localhost-live/home
      LV Name                home
      VG Name                fedora_localhost-live
      LV UUID                UHnaEo-oObn-W66X-oDGT-2UmX-KZYf-muJXxC
      LV Write Access        read/write
      LV Creation host, time localhost-live, 2019-11-15 23:19:52 +0200
      LV Status              available
      # open                 1
      LV Size                <35.73 GiB
      Current LE             9146
      Segments               1
      Allocation             inherit
      Read ahead sectors     auto
      - currently set to     256
      Block device           253:2
       
      --- Segments ---
      Logical extents 0 to 9145:
        Type                linear
        Physical volume     /dev/sda3
        Physical extents    3053 to 12198
       
       
      --- Logical volume ---
      LV Path                /dev/fedora_localhost-live/root
      LV Name                root
      VG Name                fedora_localhost-live
      LV UUID                Xo4pHd-YinQ-m4pk-VK1Z-sPDC-5Mbr-n2HW5f
      LV Write Access        read/write
      LV Creation host, time localhost-live, 2019-11-15 23:19:54 +0200
      LV Status              available
      # open                 1
      LV Size                70.00 GiB
      Current LE             17920
      Segments               1
      Allocation             inherit
      Read ahead sectors     auto
      - currently set to     256
      Block device           253:0
       
      --- Segments ---
      Logical extents 0 to 17919:
        Type                linear
        Physical volume     /dev/sda3
        Physical extents    12199 to 30118
    

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