Installing single node Elasticsearch 7.16 and Kibana 7.16 behind nginx web server under CentOS 8

This article will show how to install two big software – Elasticsearch to store information and Kibana to visualize the information under CentOS 8. Elasticsearch is ideal to store big data such as logs from user activities or server logs – one central repository for data, which is structured properly and it could be easily accessed and manipulated with various software.
Kibana is used mainly for visualizing the data stored in the Elasticseach server and manage the Elasticsearch service by the web. ste

Here is a simple example: send the web servers logs in Elasticsearch and visual statistical data with Kibana.

Using the rpm repository for the two software is the best option for installation and in future upgrades.

STEP 1) Install the CentOS 8.

How to install CentOS 8 could be found here – How to do a network installation of CentOS 8 (8.0.1950) – minimal server installation.
Or if a container approach is needed, there is a how to with LXC containerRun LXC CentOS 8 container with bridged network under CentOS 8.

STEP 2) Install the Elasticsearch.

This installation and configuration is for single node server setup.
First, create a rpm repository file /etc/yum.repos.d/elasticsearch.repo and fill it with the Elasticsearch repository information:

[elasticsearch]
name=Elasticsearch repository for 7.x packages
baseurl=https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/7.x/yum
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch
enabled=1
autorefresh=1
type=rpm-md

Then import the Elasticsearch GPG key and install the Elasticsearch software:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# rpm --import https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch
[root@loganalyzer ~]# dnf install elasticsearch
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:19 ago on 11.12.2021 (Sat) 12:43:24 UTC.
Dependencies resolved.
==========================================================================================================================================
 Package            Architecture             Version                     Repository                                Size
==========================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 elasticsearch      x86_64                   7.16.0-1                    elasticsearch                             327 M

Transaction Summary
=========================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 327 M
Installed size: 526 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
elasticsearch-7.16.0-x86_64.rpm                                                                                 43 MB/s | 327 MB     00:07    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                           43 MB/s | 327 MB     00:07     
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                                                                                                     1/1 
  Running scriptlet: elasticsearch-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                                                       1/1 
Creating elasticsearch group... OK
Creating elasticsearch user... OK

  Installing       : elasticsearch-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                                                       1/1 
  Running scriptlet: elasticsearch-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                                                       1/1 
### NOT starting on installation, please execute the following statements to configure elasticsearch service to start automatically using systemd
 sudo systemctl daemon-reload
 sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch.service
### You can start elasticsearch service by executing
 sudo systemctl start elasticsearch.service

Created elasticsearch keystore in /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.keystore

[/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/elasticsearch.conf:1] Line references path below legacy directory /var/run/, updating /var/run/elasticsearch → /run/elasticsearch; please update the tmpfiles.d/ drop-in file accordingly.

  Verifying        : elasticsearch-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                                                       1/1 

Installed:
  elasticsearch-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                              

Complete!

The configuration files are placed in /etc/elasticsearch/:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /etc/elasticsearch/
total 60
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch     0 Dec  2 15:49 users_roles
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch     0 Dec  2 15:49 users
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch   197 Dec  2 15:49 roles.yml
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch   473 Dec  2 15:49 role_mapping.yml
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch 19095 Dec  2 15:49 log4j2.properties
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch  3329 Dec  2 15:49 jvm.options
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch  3431 Dec  2 15:49 elasticsearch.yml
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch  1042 Dec  2 15:49 elasticsearch-plugins.example.yml
drwxr-s---.  2 root elasticsearch  4096 Dec  2 15:53 jvm.options.d
-rw-rw----.  1 root elasticsearch   199 Dec 11 12:44 elasticsearch.keystore
drwxr-s---.  3 root elasticsearch  4096 Dec 11 12:44 .
-rw-r--r--.  1 root elasticsearch    76 Dec 11 12:44 .elasticsearch.keystore.initial_md5sum
drwxr-xr-x. 64 root root           4096 Dec 11 12:44 ..

The index data is placed in /var/lib/elasticsearch.

[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /var/lib/elasticsearch/
total 12
drwxr-sr-x.  3 elasticsearch elasticsearch 4096 Sep 12  2019 nodes
drwxr-xr-x. 18 root          root          4096 Sep 13  2019 ..
drwxr-s---.  3 elasticsearch elasticsearch 4096 Oct  7 22:08 .
[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /var/lib/elasticsearch/nodes/
total 12
drwxr-sr-x. 3 elasticsearch elasticsearch 4096 Sep 12  2019 .
drwxr-s---. 3 elasticsearch elasticsearch 4096 Oct  7 22:08 ..
drwxr-sr-x. 5 elasticsearch elasticsearch 4096 Dec 11 12:59 0
[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /var/lib/elasticsearch/nodes/0/
total 56
drwxr-sr-x.   3 elasticsearch elasticsearch  4096 Sep 12  2019 ..
-rw-r--r--.   1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     0 Sep 12  2019 node.lock
drwxr-sr-x.   2 elasticsearch elasticsearch  4096 Nov 22 13:05 snapshot_cache
drwxr-sr-x. 826 elasticsearch elasticsearch 36864 Dec 11 00:00 indices
drwxr-sr-x.   2 elasticsearch elasticsearch  4096 Dec 11 00:00 _state
drwxr-sr-x.   5 elasticsearch elasticsearch  4096 Dec 11 12:59 .

Log files are in /var/log/elasticsearch directory:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /var/log/elasticsearch
drwxr-xr-x. 4 root          root              4096 Dec  5 04:02 ..
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     3400 Dec  6 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-05-1.json.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     3074 Dec  6 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-05-1.log.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch    15597 Dec  7 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-06-1.json.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch    13588 Dec  7 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-06-1.log.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     2796 Dec  8 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-07-1.log.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     3082 Dec  8 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-07-1.json.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     3276 Dec  9 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-08-1.json.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     2974 Dec  9 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-08-1.log.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     2020 Dec 10 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-09-1.json.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     1833 Dec 10 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-09-1.log.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     4676 Dec 11 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-10-1.json.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch     4309 Dec 11 00:00 elasticsearch-2021-12-10-1.log.gz
drwxr-s---. 2 elasticsearch elasticsearch   118784 Dec 11 00:00 .
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch    35257 Dec 11 12:12 elasticsearch_server.json
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch    19679 Dec 11 12:12 elasticsearch.log
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch  3554360 Dec 11 12:17 elasticsearch_deprecation.log
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch  7864788 Dec 11 12:17 elasticsearch_deprecation.json
-rw-r--r--. 1 elasticsearch elasticsearch 63958577 Dec 11 13:02 gc.log

As you can see the old logs are compressed.

STEP 3) Enable basic security in the Elasticsearch.

By default, the installation does not enable any security model, and the web interface of the Elasticsearch may be accessible by anyone in the network. So enabling, at least the minimum security model, is strongly suggested!
In the main Elasticsearch configuration file /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml add:

discovery.seed_hosts: ["node-1"]
discovery.type: single-node

xpack.security.enabled: true

To enable the server to listen on a specific IP address like 192.168.0.2, the network option in /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml should be modified as follow:

network.host: 192.168.0.2

Enable at boot and start the Elasticsearch service by:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# systemctl enable elasticsearch
Synchronizing state of elasticsearch.service with SysV service script with /usr/lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install.
Executing: /usr/lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable elasticsearch
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/elasticsearch.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service.
[root@loganalyzer ~]# systemctl start elasticsearch
[root@loganalyzer ~]# systemctl status elasticsearch
● elasticsearch.service - Elasticsearch
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /run/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service.d
           └─zzz-lxc-service.conf
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2021-12-11 13:34:08 UTC; 6s ago
     Docs: https://www.elastic.co
 Main PID: 3106 (java)
    Tasks: 58 (limit: 26213)
   Memory: 8.0G
   CGroup: /user.slice/user-0.slice/session-12.scope/system.slice/elasticsearch.service
           ├─3106 /usr/share/elasticsearch/jdk/bin/java -Xshare:auto -Des.networkaddress.cache.ttl=60 -Des.networkaddress.cache.negative.ttl=10 -XX:+AlwaysPreTouch -Xss1m -Djava.awt.headles
s=true -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -Djna.nosys=true -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow -XX:+ShowCodeDetailsInExceptionMessages -Dio.netty.noUnsafe=true -Dio.netty.noKeySetOptimization=true -Dio.netty
.recycler.maxCapacityPerThread=0 -Dio.netty.allocator.numDirectArenas=0 -Dlog4j.shutdownHookEnabled=false -Dlog4j2.disable.jmx=true -Djava.locale.providers=SPI,COMPAT --add-opens=java.base/
java.io=ALL-UNNAMED -XX:+UseG1GC -Djava.io.tmpdir=/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958 -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError -XX:+ExitOnOutOfMemoryError -XX:HeapDumpPath=/var/lib/elasticsearch 
-XX:ErrorFile=/var/log/elasticsearch/hs_err_pid%p.log -Xlog:gc*,gc+age=trace,safepoint:file=/var/log/elasticsearch/gc.log:utctime,pid,tags:filecount=32,filesize=64m -Xms7787m -Xmx7787m -XX:
MaxDirectMemorySize=4083154944 -XX:G1HeapRegionSize=4m -XX:InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent=30 -XX:G1ReservePercent=15 -Des.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch -Des.path.conf=/etc/elasticsearc
h -Des.distribution.flavor=default -Des.distribution.type=rpm -Des.bundled_jdk=true -cp /usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/* org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch -p /var/run/elasticsearch/el
asticsearch.pid --quiet
           └─3308 /usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/x-pack-ml/platform/linux-x86_64/bin/controller

Dec 11 13:33:41 loganalyzer systemd[1]: Starting Elasticsearch...
Dec 11 13:34:08 loganalyzer systemd[1]: Started Elasticsearch.
[root@loganalyzer ~]# ps axuf|grep elastic
root      3361  0.0  0.0   3024   184 pts/0    D+   13:34   0:00              \_ grep --color=auto elastic
elastic+  3106 91.0 53.0 14407056 8467804 ?    Ssl  13:33   0:52 /usr/share/elasticsearch/jdk/bin/java -Xshare:auto -Des.networkaddress.cache.ttl=60 -Des.networkaddress.cache.negative.ttl=10 -XX:+AlwaysPreTouch -Xss1m -Djava.awt.headless=true -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -Djna.nosys=true -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow -XX:+ShowCodeDetailsInExceptionMessages -Dio.netty.noUnsafe=true -Dio.netty.noKeySetOptimization=true -Dio.netty.recycler.maxCapacityPerThread=0 -Dio.netty.allocator.numDirectArenas=0 -Dlog4j.shutdownHookEnabled=false -Dlog4j2.disable.jmx=true -Djava.locale.providers=SPI,COMPAT --add-opens=java.base/java.io=ALL-UNNAMED -XX:+UseG1GC -Djava.io.tmpdir=/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958 -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError -XX:+ExitOnOutOfMemoryError -XX:HeapDumpPath=/var/lib/elasticsearch -XX:ErrorFile=/var/log/elasticsearch/hs_err_pid%p.log -Xlog:gc*,gc+age=trace,safepoint:file=/var/log/elasticsearch/gc.log:utctime,pid,tags:filecount=32,filesize=64m -Xms7787m -Xmx7787m -XX:MaxDirectMemorySize=4083154944 -XX:G1HeapRegionSize=4m -XX:InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent=30 -XX:G1ReservePercent=15 -Des.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch -Des.path.conf=/etc/elasticsearch -Des.distribution.flavor=default -Des.distribution.type=rpm -Des.bundled_jdk=true -cp /usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/* org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch -p /var/run/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.pid --quiet
elastic+  3308  0.0  0.0 120656  4548 ?        Sl   13:33   0:00  \_ /usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/x-pack-ml/platform/linux-x86_64/bin/controller

The java process is running and some of the JDK options are visible from the command line arguments.

With the first start the default indexes will be created. Here is the Elasticsearch log of the first run and the creation of the default indexes:

[root@loganalyzer elasticsearch]# cat elasticsearch.log
[2021-12-11T13:33:51,322][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [loganalyzer] version[7.16.0], pid[3106], build[default/rpm/6fc81662312141fe7691d7c1c91b8658ac17aa0d/2021-12-02T15:46:35.697268109Z], OS[Linux/3.10.0-862.9.1.el7.x86_64/amd64], JVM[Eclipse Adoptium/OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM/17.0.1/17.0.1+12]
[2021-12-11T13:33:51,327][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [loganalyzer] JVM home [/usr/share/elasticsearch/jdk], using bundled JDK [true]
[2021-12-11T13:33:51,327][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [loganalyzer] JVM arguments [-Xshare:auto, -Des.networkaddress.cache.ttl=60, -Des.networkaddress.cache.negative.ttl=10, -XX:+AlwaysPreTouch, -Xss1m, -Djava.awt.headless=true, -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8, -Djna.nosys=true, -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow, -XX:+ShowCodeDetailsInExceptionMessages, -Dio.netty.noUnsafe=true, -Dio.netty.noKeySetOptimization=true, -Dio.netty.recycler.maxCapacityPerThread=0, -Dio.netty.allocator.numDirectArenas=0, -Dlog4j.shutdownHookEnabled=false, -Dlog4j2.disable.jmx=true, -Djava.locale.providers=SPI,COMPAT, --add-opens=java.base/java.io=ALL-UNNAMED, -XX:+UseG1GC, -Djava.io.tmpdir=/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958, -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError, -XX:+ExitOnOutOfMemoryError, -XX:HeapDumpPath=/var/lib/elasticsearch, -XX:ErrorFile=/var/log/elasticsearch/hs_err_pid%p.log, -Xlog:gc*,gc+age=trace,safepoint:file=/var/log/elasticsearch/gc.log:utctime,pid,tags:filecount=32,filesize=64m, -Xms7787m, -Xmx7787m, -XX:MaxDirectMemorySize=4083154944, -XX:G1HeapRegionSize=4m, -XX:InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent=30, -XX:G1ReservePercent=15, -Des.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch, -Des.path.conf=/etc/elasticsearch, -Des.distribution.flavor=default, -Des.distribution.type=rpm, -Des.bundled_jdk=true]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,160][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [aggs-matrix-stats]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,161][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [analysis-common]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,161][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [constant-keyword]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,161][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [frozen-indices]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,161][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [ingest-common]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,161][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [ingest-geoip]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,162][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [ingest-user-agent]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,162][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [kibana]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,162][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [lang-expression]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,162][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [lang-mustache]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,162][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [lang-painless]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,163][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [legacy-geo]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,163][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [mapper-extras]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,163][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [mapper-version]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,163][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [parent-join]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,163][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [percolator]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,163][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [rank-eval]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,164][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [reindex]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,164][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [repositories-metering-api]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,164][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [repository-encrypted]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,164][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [repository-url]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,164][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [runtime-fields-common]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,164][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [search-business-rules]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,165][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [searchable-snapshots]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,165][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [snapshot-repo-test-kit]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,165][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [spatial]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,165][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [systemd]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,165][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [transform]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,166][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [transport-netty4]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,166][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [unsigned-long]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,166][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [vector-tile]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,166][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [vectors]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,166][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [wildcard]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,166][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-aggregate-metric]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,167][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-analytics]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,167][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-async]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,167][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-async-search]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,167][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-autoscaling]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,167][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-ccr]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,167][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-core]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,168][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-data-streams]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,168][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-deprecation]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,168][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-enrich]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,168][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-eql]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,168][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-fleet]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,168][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-graph]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,168][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-identity-provider]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,169][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-ilm]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,169][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-logstash]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,169][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-ml]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,169][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-monitoring]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,169][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-ql]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,170][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-rollup]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,170][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-security]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,170][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-shutdown]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,170][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-sql]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,170][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-stack]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,170][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-text-structure]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,171][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-voting-only-node]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,171][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] loaded module [x-pack-watcher]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,171][INFO ][o.e.p.PluginsService     ] [loganalyzer] no plugins loaded
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,357][INFO ][o.e.e.NodeEnvironment    ] [loganalyzer] using [1] data paths, mounts [[/ (rootfs)]], net usable_space [1.4tb], net total_space [2.6tb], types [rootfs]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,358][INFO ][o.e.e.NodeEnvironment    ] [loganalyzer] heap size [7.6gb], compressed ordinary object pointers [true]
[2021-12-11T13:33:56,406][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [loganalyzer] node name [loganalyzer], node ID [OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg], cluster name [elasticsearch], roles [transform, data_frozen, master, remote_cluster_client, data, ml, data_content, data_hot, data_warm, data_cold, ingest]
[2021-12-11T13:34:03,314][INFO ][o.e.x.m.p.l.CppLogMessageHandler] [loganalyzer] [controller/3308] [Main.cc@122] controller (64 bit): Version 7.16.0 (Build 7b1479ee4c17c2) Copyright (c) 2021 Elasticsearch BV
[2021-12-11T13:34:03,792][INFO ][o.e.x.s.a.Realms         ] [loganalyzer] license mode is [trial], currently licensed security realms are [reserved/reserved,file/default_file,native/default_native]
[2021-12-11T13:34:03,811][INFO ][o.e.x.s.a.s.FileRolesStore] [loganalyzer] parsed [0] roles from file [/etc/elasticsearch/roles.yml]
[2021-12-11T13:34:04,625][INFO ][o.e.i.g.ConfigDatabases  ] [loganalyzer] initialized default databases [[GeoLite2-Country.mmdb, GeoLite2-City.mmdb, GeoLite2-ASN.mmdb]], config databases [[]] and watching [/etc/elasticsearch/ingest-geoip] for changes
[2021-12-11T13:34:04,627][INFO ][o.e.i.g.DatabaseNodeService] [loganalyzer] initialized database registry, using geoip-databases directory [/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958/geoip-databases/OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg]
[2021-12-11T13:34:05,406][INFO ][o.e.t.NettyAllocator     ] [loganalyzer] creating NettyAllocator with the following configs: [name=elasticsearch_configured, chunk_size=1mb, suggested_max_allocation_size=1mb, factors={es.unsafe.use_netty_default_chunk_and_page_size=false, g1gc_enabled=true, g1gc_region_size=4mb}]
[2021-12-11T13:34:05,497][INFO ][o.e.d.DiscoveryModule    ] [loganalyzer] using discovery type [single-node] and seed hosts providers [settings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:06,011][INFO ][o.e.g.DanglingIndicesState] [loganalyzer] gateway.auto_import_dangling_indices is disabled, dangling indices will not be automatically detected or imported and must be managed manually
[2021-12-11T13:34:06,646][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [loganalyzer] initialized
[2021-12-11T13:34:06,646][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [loganalyzer] starting ...
[2021-12-11T13:34:06,808][INFO ][o.e.x.s.c.f.PersistentCache] [loganalyzer] persistent cache index loaded
[2021-12-11T13:34:06,810][INFO ][o.e.x.d.l.DeprecationIndexingComponent] [loganalyzer] deprecation component started
[2021-12-11T13:34:07,020][INFO ][o.e.t.TransportService   ] [loganalyzer] publish_address {192.168.0.2:9300}, bound_addresses {192.168.0.2:9300}
[2021-12-11T13:34:07,565][INFO ][o.e.c.c.Coordinator      ] [loganalyzer] setting initial configuration to VotingConfiguration{OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg}
[2021-12-11T13:34:08,260][INFO ][o.e.c.s.MasterService    ] [loganalyzer] elected-as-master ([1] nodes joined)[{loganalyzer}{OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg}{-jRGKvPES7y7sMBGuhJvMA}{192.168.0.2}{192.168.0.2:9300}{cdfhilmrstw} elect leader, _BECOME_MASTER_TASK_, _FINISH_ELECTION_], term: 1, version: 1, delta: master node changed {previous [], current [{loganalyzer}{OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg}{-jRGKvPES7y7sMBGuhJvMA}{192.168.0.2}{192.168.0.2:9300}{cdfhilmrstw}]}
[2021-12-11T13:34:08,483][INFO ][o.e.c.c.CoordinationState] [loganalyzer] cluster UUID set to [nkmq-v6CTsa1Yq_ZPWPv_Q]
[2021-12-11T13:34:08,692][INFO ][o.e.c.s.ClusterApplierService] [loganalyzer] master node changed {previous [], current [{loganalyzer}{OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg}{-jRGKvPES7y7sMBGuhJvMA}{192.168.0.2}{192.168.0.2:9300}{cdfhilmrstw}]}, term: 1, version: 1, reason: Publication{term=1, version=1}
[2021-12-11T13:34:08,756][INFO ][o.e.h.AbstractHttpServerTransport] [loganalyzer] publish_address {192.168.0.2:9200}, bound_addresses {192.168.0.2:9200}
[2021-12-11T13:34:08,756][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [loganalyzer] started
[2021-12-11T13:34:08,972][INFO ][o.e.g.GatewayService     ] [loganalyzer] recovered [0] indices into cluster_state
[2021-12-11T13:34:09,398][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [.ml-stats] for index patterns [.ml-stats-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:09,875][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [.ml-notifications-000002] for index patterns [.ml-notifications-000002]
[2021-12-11T13:34:10,249][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [.ml-anomalies-] for index patterns [.ml-anomalies-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:10,546][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [.ml-state] for index patterns [.ml-state*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:11,108][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [data-streams-mappings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:11,398][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [logs-settings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:11,668][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [logs-mappings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:11,902][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [synthetics-settings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:12,232][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [synthetics-mappings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:12,438][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [metrics-settings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:12,648][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [metrics-mappings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:12,988][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [.watch-history-13] for index patterns [.watcher-history-13*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:13,211][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [ilm-history] for index patterns [ilm-history-5*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:13,463][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [.slm-history] for index patterns [.slm-history-5*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:13,808][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [.deprecation-indexing-mappings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:14,021][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding component template [.deprecation-indexing-settings]
[2021-12-11T13:34:14,342][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding template [.monitoring-alerts-7] for index patterns [.monitoring-alerts-7]
[2021-12-11T13:34:14,560][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding template [.monitoring-es] for index patterns [.monitoring-es-7-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:14,840][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding template [.monitoring-kibana] for index patterns [.monitoring-kibana-7-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:15,403][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding template [.monitoring-logstash] for index patterns [.monitoring-logstash-7-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:15,646][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding template [.monitoring-beats] for index patterns [.monitoring-beats-7-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:15,988][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [logs] for index patterns [logs-*-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:16,263][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [synthetics] for index patterns [synthetics-*-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:16,620][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [metrics] for index patterns [metrics-*-*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:16,839][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataIndexTemplateService] [loganalyzer] adding index template [.deprecation-indexing-template] for index patterns [.logs-deprecation.*]
[2021-12-11T13:34:17,118][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [ml-size-based-ilm-policy]
[2021-12-11T13:34:17,333][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [metrics]
[2021-12-11T13:34:17,533][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [synthetics]
[2021-12-11T13:34:17,835][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [logs]
[2021-12-11T13:34:18,085][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [7-days-default]
[2021-12-11T13:34:18,355][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [180-days-default]
[2021-12-11T13:34:18,614][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [90-days-default]
[2021-12-11T13:34:18,895][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [365-days-default]
[2021-12-11T13:34:19,111][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [30-days-default]
[2021-12-11T13:34:19,423][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [watch-history-ilm-policy]
[2021-12-11T13:34:19,732][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [ilm-history-ilm-policy]
[2021-12-11T13:34:20,260][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [slm-history-ilm-policy]
[2021-12-11T13:34:20,546][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [.deprecation-indexing-ilm-policy]
[2021-12-11T13:34:20,767][INFO ][o.e.x.i.a.TransportPutLifecycleAction] [loganalyzer] adding index lifecycle policy [.fleet-actions-results-ilm-policy]
[2021-12-11T13:34:21,214][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] updating geoip databases
[2021-12-11T13:34:21,214][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] fetching geoip databases overview from [https://geoip.elastic.co/v1/database?elastic_geoip_service_tos=agree]
[2021-12-11T13:34:21,550][INFO ][o.e.l.LicenseService     ] [loganalyzer] license [5490b670-5e01-47b8-a871-cf0601623c1a] mode [basic] - valid
[2021-12-11T13:34:21,551][INFO ][o.e.x.s.a.Realms         ] [loganalyzer] license mode is [basic], currently licensed security realms are [reserved/reserved,file/default_file,native/default_native]
[2021-12-11T13:34:21,552][INFO ][o.e.x.s.s.SecurityStatusChangeListener] [loganalyzer] Active license is now [BASIC]; Security is enabled
[2021-12-11T13:34:22,267][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] updating geoip database [GeoLite2-ASN.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:22,599][INFO ][o.e.c.m.MetadataCreateIndexService] [loganalyzer] [.geoip_databases] creating index, cause [auto(bulk api)], templates [], shards [1]/[0]
[2021-12-11T13:34:23,688][INFO ][o.e.c.r.a.AllocationService] [loganalyzer] Cluster health status changed from [YELLOW] to [GREEN] (reason: [shards started [[.geoip_databases][0]]]).
[2021-12-11T13:34:24,828][WARN ][o.e.m.j.JvmGcMonitorService] [loganalyzer] [gc][18] overhead, spent [520ms] collecting in the last [1s]
[2021-12-11T13:34:26,585][INFO ][o.e.i.g.DatabaseNodeService] [loganalyzer] downloading geoip database [GeoLite2-ASN.mmdb] to [/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958/geoip-databases/OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg/GeoLite2-ASN.mmdb.tmp.gz]
[2021-12-11T13:34:26,598][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] updated geoip database [GeoLite2-ASN.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:26,615][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] updating geoip database [GeoLite2-City.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:26,762][INFO ][o.e.i.g.DatabaseNodeService] [loganalyzer] successfully reloaded changed geoip database file [/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958/geoip-databases/OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg/GeoLite2-ASN.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:31,893][INFO ][o.e.m.j.JvmGcMonitorService] [loganalyzer] [gc][young][25][9] duration [863ms], collections [1]/[1s], total [863ms]/[1.5s], memory [402.4mb]->[96.9mb]/[7.6gb], all_pools {[young] [316mb]->[0b]/[0b]}{[old] [26.8mb]->[66.2mb]/[7.6gb]}{[survivor] [59.6mb]->[30.6mb]/[0b]}
[2021-12-11T13:34:31,893][WARN ][o.e.m.j.JvmGcMonitorService] [loganalyzer] [gc][25] overhead, spent [863ms] collecting in the last [1s]
[2021-12-11T13:34:34,738][INFO ][o.e.i.g.DatabaseNodeService] [loganalyzer] downloading geoip database [GeoLite2-City.mmdb] to [/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958/geoip-databases/OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg/GeoLite2-City.mmdb.tmp.gz]
[2021-12-11T13:34:34,747][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] updated geoip database [GeoLite2-City.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:34,749][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] updating geoip database [GeoLite2-Country.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:35,511][INFO ][o.e.i.g.DatabaseNodeService] [loganalyzer] successfully reloaded changed geoip database file [/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958/geoip-databases/OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg/GeoLite2-City.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:36,351][INFO ][o.e.i.g.DatabaseNodeService] [loganalyzer] downloading geoip database [GeoLite2-Country.mmdb] to [/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958/geoip-databases/OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg/GeoLite2-Country.mmdb.tmp.gz]
[2021-12-11T13:34:36,362][INFO ][o.e.i.g.GeoIpDownloader  ] [loganalyzer] updated geoip database [GeoLite2-Country.mmdb]
[2021-12-11T13:34:36,411][INFO ][o.e.i.g.DatabaseNodeService] [loganalyzer] successfully reloaded changed geoip database file [/tmp/elasticsearch-4506073123971287958/geoip-databases/OJH0IV74RNORXhoJH_2Avg/GeoLite2-Country.mmdb]

Generating the passwords for all built-in users with Elasticsearch tool – elasticsearch-setup-passwords:

[root@loganalyzer elasticsearch]# cd /usr/share/elasticsearch/
[root@loganalyzer elasticsearch]# ./bin/elasticsearch-setup-passwords auto
Initiating the setup of passwords for reserved users elastic,apm_system,kibana,kibana_system,logstash_system,beats_system,remote_monitoring_user.
The passwords will be randomly generated and printed to the console.
Please confirm that you would like to continue [y/N]y


Changed password for user apm_system
PASSWORD apm_system = voh8auj7Yo4iphohNgow

Changed password for user kibana_system
PASSWORD kibana_system = eNgein6beenahyug0eif

Changed password for user kibana
PASSWORD kibana = Muphua3Yiemai7Chieth

Changed password for user logstash_system
PASSWORD logstash_system = aeWee1baig6PhoonooK9

Changed password for user beats_system
PASSWORD beats_system = mohk9ei8vae5Oox9pahl

Changed password for user remote_monitoring_user
PASSWORD remote_monitoring_user = Aephohng2ua2ophionah

Changed password for user elastic
PASSWORD elastic = IkeeshahfaimeeJie3ia

[root@loganalyzer elasticsearch]#

Now the Elasticsearch listens on the local IP 192.168.0.2 and it is protected with users’ credentials. Save the above output in a safe place!
Testing the access to the server by listing the indexes with the curl command like tool, for example:

[root@loganalyzer elasticsearch]# curl --user elastic:IkeeshahfaimeeJie3ia -X GET "http:/192.168.0.2:9200/_cat/indices?v"
health status index            uuid                   pri rep docs.count docs.deleted store.size pri.store.size
green  open   .geoip_databases f4yFunynTBOGhLM2ioP1KQ   1   0         42            0     41.1mb         41.1mb
green  open   .security-7      MzwsKQ1rTmK2JD-0K1zvAw   1   0          7            0     25.1kb         25.1kb

The elastic user is with administrative privileges and it could be used to create more roles and users.
Omitting the user credentials will result in an error:

[root@loganalyzer elasticsearch]# curl -X GET "http:/192.168.0.2:9200/_cat/indices?v"
{"error":{"root_cause":[{"type":"security_exception","reason":"missing authentication credentials for REST request [/_cat/indices?v]","header":{"WWW-Authenticate":"Basic realm=\"security\" charset=\"UTF-8\""}}],"type":"security_exception","reason":"missing authentication credentials for REST request [/_cat/indices?v]","header":{"WWW-Authenticate":"Basic realm=\"security\" charset=\"UTF-8\""}},"status":401}

STEP 4) Install Kibana.

Installation of Kibana rpm repository and software.
First, add the official rpm repository to the system creating the repo file /etc/yum.repos.d/kibana.repo:

[kibana-7.x]
name=Kibana repository for 7.x packages
baseurl=https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/7.x/yum
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch
enabled=1
autorefresh=1
type=rpm-md

Install Kibana software with

[root@loganalyzer ~]# dnf install kibana
Kibana repository for 7.x packages                                                       30 MB/s |  36 MB     00:01    
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:09 ago on 11.12.2021 (Sat) 23:19:39 UTC.
Dependencies resolved.
===================================================================================================================
 Package               Architecture               Version                  Repository                         Size
===================================================================================================================
Installing:
 kibana                   x86_64                  7.16.0-1                elasticsearch                      274 M

Transaction Summary
===================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 274 M
Installed size: 730 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
kibana-7.16.0-x86_64.rpm                                                                 42 MB/s | 274 MB     00:06    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                    42 MB/s | 274 MB     00:06     
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                             1/1 
  Running scriptlet: kibana-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                      1/1 
  Installing       : kibana-7.16.0-1.x86_64 [===========================                                       ] 1/1
  Installing       : kibana-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                      1/1 
  Running scriptlet: kibana-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                      1/1 
Creating kibana group... OK
Creating kibana user... OK

Created Kibana keystore in /etc/kibana/kibana.keystore

[/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/elasticsearch.conf:1] Line references path below legacy directory /var/run/, updating /var/run/elasticsearch → /run/elasticsearch; please update the tmpfiles.d/ drop-in file accordingly.

  Verifying        : kibana-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                             1/1 

Installed:
  kibana-7.16.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                    

Complete!

The configuration files are stored in:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /etc/kibana/
total 36
-rw-r--r--.  1 root kibana 5243 Sep 16 02:25 kibana.yml.rpmnew
-rw-rw----.  1 root kibana  130 Oct  6 07:48 kibana.keystore
-rw-r--r--.  1 root kibana   62 Oct  6 07:48 .kibana.keystore.initial_md5sum
-rw-r--r--.  1 root kibana  216 Oct  7 21:19 node.options
drwxr-s---.  2 root kibana 4096 Oct 31 02:28 .
drwxr-xr-x. 68 root root   4096 Oct 31 08:23 ..
-rw-rw----.  1 root kibana 5220 Nov 22 13:19 kibana.yml

The metafiles and logs are in:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /var/lib/kibana/
total 20
drwxr-xr-x. 18 root   root   4096 Sep 13  2019 ..
-rw-r--r--.  1 kibana kibana   36 Sep 13  2019 uuid
drwxr-xr-x.  2 kibana kibana 4096 Apr 23  2020 optimize
drwxr-xr-x.  4 kibana kibana 4096 Apr 25  2020 headless_shell-linux
drwxr-s---.  4 kibana kibana 4096 Oct  7 21:28 .
[root@loganalyzer ~]# ls -altr /var/log/kibana/
total 29012
drwxr-s---. 2 kibana kibana     4096 Oct  6 08:16 .
drwxr-xr-x. 4 root   root       4096 Dec 19 04:02 ..
-rw-r--r--. 1 kibana kibana 29692716 Dec 25 21:16 kibana.log

STEP 5) Configure Kibana to use Elasticsearch.

At least, five options in the Kibana configuration are important to connect Kibana with the Elasticsearch service. Change the main Kibana configuration file /etc/kibana/kibana.yml. Some of the lines may differ from the setup proposed below like the IP or the publicBaseUrl or the elasticsearch.password, which was generated in the previous step! The options are simple enough and they are self-explanatory.

server.host: "192.168.0.2"
server.publicBaseUrl: "https://kibana.example.com"
elasticsearch.hosts: ["http://192.168.0.2:9200"]
elasticsearch.username: "kibana_system"
elasticsearch.password: "iHOcAndyZsINnwDMGYJL"

Use the kibana_system user credentials to access the Elasticsearch service from Kibana. The Elasticsearch listens on 192.168.0.2, which was manually set in its configuration above. And the publicBaseUrl is the public domain name, with which the user will load the Kibana web interface.

Enable and start the Kibana service:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# systemctl enable kibana
Synchronizing state of kibana.service with SysV service script with /usr/lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install.
Executing: /usr/lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable kibana
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kibana.service → /etc/systemd/system/kibana.service.
[root@loganalyzer ~]# systemctl start kibana
[root@loganalyzer ~]# systemctl status kibana
● kibana.service - Kibana
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/kibana.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /run/systemd/system/kibana.service.d
           └─zzz-lxc-service.conf
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2021-12-11 23:43:44 UTC; 3s ago
     Docs: https://www.elastic.co
 Main PID: 4908 (node)
    Tasks: 7 (limit: 26213)
   Memory: 95.7M
   CGroup: /user.slice/user-0.slice/session-12.scope/system.slice/kibana.service
           └─4908 /usr/share/kibana/bin/../node/bin/node /usr/share/kibana/bin/../src/cli/dist --logging.dest=/var/log/kibana/kibana.log --pid.file=/run/kibana/kibana.pid

Dec 11 23:43:44 loganalyzer systemd[1]: Started Kibana.

On the first start, Kibana will create the needed index and metadata in the Elasticsearch. Here is the first start log output:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# cat  /var/log/kibana/kibana.log
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["info","plugins-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"Plugin \"metricsEntities\" is disabled."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["info","http","server","Preboot"],"pid":4908,"message":"http server running at http://192.168.0.2:5601"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["warning","config","deprecation"],"pid":4908,"message":"\"logging.dest\" has been deprecated and will be removed in 8.0. To set the destination moving forward, you can use the \"console\" appender in your logging configuration or define a custom one."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["warning","config","deprecation"],"pid":4908,"message":"Use Kibana application privileges to grant reporting privileges. Using  \"xpack.reporting.roles.allow\" to grant reporting privileges is deprecated. The \"xpack.reporting.roles.enabled\" setting will default to false in a future release."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["warning","config","deprecation"],"pid":4908,"message":"User sessions will automatically time out after 8 hours of inactivity starting in 8.0. Override this value to change the timeout."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["warning","config","deprecation"],"pid":4908,"message":"Users are automatically required to log in again after 30 days starting in 8.0. Override this value to change the timeout."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["info","plugins-system","standard"],"pid":4908,"message":"Setting up [113] plugins: [translations,licensing,globalSearch,globalSearchProviders,features,licenseApiGuard,code,usageCollection,xpackLegacy,taskManager,telemetryCollectionManager,telemetryCollectionXpack,kibanaUsageCollection,share,embeddable,uiActionsEnhanced,screenshotMode,banners,telemetry,newsfeed,mapsEms,mapsLegacy,kibanaLegacy,fieldFormats,expressions,dataViews,charts,esUiShared,bfetch,data,savedObjects,presentationUtil,expressionShape,expressionRevealImage,expressionRepeatImage,expressionMetric,expressionImage,customIntegrations,home,searchprofiler,painlessLab,grokdebugger,management,watcher,licenseManagement,advancedSettings,spaces,security,savedObjectsTagging,reporting,canvas,lists,ingestPipelines,fileUpload,encryptedSavedObjects,dataEnhanced,cloud,snapshotRestore,eventLog,actions,alerting,triggersActionsUi,transform,stackAlerts,ruleRegistry,visualizations,visTypeXy,visTypeVislib,visTypeVega,visTypeTimelion,visTypeTagcloud,visTypeTable,visTypePie,visTypeMetric,visTypeMarkdown,tileMap,regionMap,expressionTagcloud,expressionMetricVis,console,graph,fleet,indexManagement,remoteClusters,crossClusterReplication,indexLifecycleManagement,dashboard,maps,dashboardMode,dashboardEnhanced,visualize,visTypeTimeseries,rollup,indexPatternFieldEditor,lens,cases,timelines,discover,osquery,observability,discoverEnhanced,dataVisualizer,ml,uptime,securitySolution,infra,upgradeAssistant,monitoring,logstash,enterpriseSearch,apm,savedObjectsManagement,indexPatternManagement]"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["info","plugins","taskManager"],"pid":4908,"message":"TaskManager is identified by the Kibana UUID: c779c0a3-451a-41eb-af8c-044d9ebb839b"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","security","config"],"pid":4908,"message":"Generating a random key for xpack.security.encryptionKey. To prevent sessions from being invalidated on restart, please set xpack.security.encryptionKey in the kibana.yml or use the bin/kibana-encryption-keys command."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:00+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","security","config"],"pid":4908,"message":"Session cookies will be transmitted over insecure connections. This is not recommended."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","security","config"],"pid":4908,"message":"Generating a random key for xpack.security.encryptionKey. To prevent sessions from being invalidated on restart, please set xpack.security.encryptionKey in the kibana.yml or use the bin/kibana-encryption-keys command."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","security","config"],"pid":4908,"message":"Session cookies will be transmitted over insecure connections. This is not recommended."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","reporting","config"],"pid":4908,"message":"Generating a random key for xpack.reporting.encryptionKey. To prevent sessions from being invalidated on restart, please set xpack.reporting.encryptionKey in the kibana.yml or use the bin/kibana-encryption-keys command."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","encryptedSavedObjects"],"pid":4908,"message":"Saved objects encryption key is not set. This will severely limit Kibana functionality. Please set xpack.encryptedSavedObjects.encryptionKey in the kibana.yml or use the bin/kibana-encryption-keys command."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","actions"],"pid":4908,"message":"APIs are disabled because the Encrypted Saved Objects plugin is missing encryption key. Please set xpack.encryptedSavedObjects.encryptionKey in the kibana.yml or use the bin/kibana-encryption-keys command."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","alerting"],"pid":4908,"message":"APIs are disabled because the Encrypted Saved Objects plugin is missing encryption key. Please set xpack.encryptedSavedObjects.encryptionKey in the kibana.yml or use the bin/kibana-encryption-keys command."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["info","plugins","ruleRegistry"],"pid":4908,"message":"Installing common resources shared between all indices"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:01+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","reporting","config"],"pid":4908,"message":"Chromium sandbox provides an additional layer of protection, but is not supported for Linux CentOS 8.5.2111\n OS. Automatically setting 'xpack.reporting.capture.browser.chromium.disableSandbox: true'."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:03+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"Waiting until all Elasticsearch nodes are compatible with Kibana before starting saved objects migrations..."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:03+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"Starting saved objects migrations"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:04+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana] INIT -> CREATE_NEW_TARGET. took: 73ms."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:04+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana_task_manager] INIT -> CREATE_NEW_TARGET. took: 75ms."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:07+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana_task_manager] CREATE_NEW_TARGET -> MARK_VERSION_INDEX_READY. took: 3024ms."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:08+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana_task_manager] MARK_VERSION_INDEX_READY -> DONE. took: 1791ms."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:08+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana_task_manager] Migration completed after 4891ms"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:09+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana] CREATE_NEW_TARGET -> MARK_VERSION_INDEX_READY. took: 5294ms."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:09+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana] MARK_VERSION_INDEX_READY -> DONE. took: 317ms."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:09+00:00","tags":["info","savedobjects-service"],"pid":4908,"message":"[.kibana] Migration completed after 5684ms"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:09+00:00","tags":["info","plugins-system","standard"],"pid":4908,"message":"Starting [113] plugins: [translations,licensing,globalSearch,globalSearchProviders,features,licenseApiGuard,code,usageCollection,xpackLegacy,taskManager,telemetryCollectionManager,telemetryCollectionXpack,kibanaUsageCollection,share,embeddable,uiActionsEnhanced,screenshotMode,banners,telemetry,newsfeed,mapsEms,mapsLegacy,kibanaLegacy,fieldFormats,expressions,dataViews,charts,esUiShared,bfetch,data,savedObjects,presentationUtil,expressionShape,expressionRevealImage,expressionRepeatImage,expressionMetric,expressionImage,customIntegrations,home,searchprofiler,painlessLab,grokdebugger,management,watcher,licenseManagement,advancedSettings,spaces,security,savedObjectsTagging,reporting,canvas,lists,ingestPipelines,fileUpload,encryptedSavedObjects,dataEnhanced,cloud,snapshotRestore,eventLog,actions,alerting,triggersActionsUi,transform,stackAlerts,ruleRegistry,visualizations,visTypeXy,visTypeVislib,visTypeVega,visTypeTimelion,visTypeTagcloud,visTypeTable,visTypePie,visTypeMetric,visTypeMarkdown,tileMap,regionMap,expressionTagcloud,expressionMetricVis,console,graph,fleet,indexManagement,remoteClusters,crossClusterReplication,indexLifecycleManagement,dashboard,maps,dashboardMode,dashboardEnhanced,visualize,visTypeTimeseries,rollup,indexPatternFieldEditor,lens,cases,timelines,discover,osquery,observability,discoverEnhanced,dataVisualizer,ml,uptime,securitySolution,infra,upgradeAssistant,monitoring,logstash,enterpriseSearch,apm,savedObjectsManagement,indexPatternManagement]"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:11+00:00","tags":["info","plugins","monitoring","monitoring"],"pid":4908,"message":"config sourced from: production cluster"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:12+00:00","tags":["info","http","server","Kibana"],"pid":4908,"message":"http server running at http://192.168.0.2:5601"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:13+00:00","tags":["info","status"],"pid":4908,"message":"Kibana is now degraded"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:14+00:00","tags":["info","plugins","monitoring","monitoring","kibana-monitoring"],"pid":4908,"message":"Starting monitoring stats collection"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:21+00:00","tags":["info","plugins","reporting","chromium"],"pid":4908,"message":"Browser executable: /usr/share/kibana/x-pack/plugins/reporting/chromium/headless_shell-linux_x64/headless_shell"}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:21+00:00","tags":["warning","plugins","reporting","chromium"],"pid":4908,"message":"Enabling the Chromium sandbox provides an additional layer of protection."}
{"type":"log","@timestamp":"2021-12-11T23:44:25+00:00","tags":["info","plugins","reporting","store"],"pid":4908,"message":"Creating ILM policy for managing reporting indices: kibana-reporting"}

STEP 6) Configure NGINX to proxy web connection to Kibana service.

It is a good idea to install a generic web service like NGINX to proxy web requests to Kibana service. Kibana could be used without such service, but a generic web server like NGINX would add an additional layer and functionalities of security with HTTPS connectivity, IP/network limitation, HTTP/2, and many more! Here is the sample configuration for it. Install the Nginx web server:

[root@loganalyzer ~]# dnf install nginx
Last metadata expiration check: 0:34:20 ago on 11.12.2021 (Sat) 23:19:39 UTC.
Dependencies resolved.
============================================================================================================================
 Package                             Architecture   Version                                         Repository         Size
============================================================================================================================
Installing:
 nginx                               x86_64         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream         570 k
Installing dependencies:
 dejavu-fonts-common                 noarch         2.35-7.el8                                      baseos             74 k
 dejavu-sans-fonts                   noarch         2.35-7.el8                                      baseos            1.6 M
 fontconfig                          x86_64         2.13.1-4.el8                                    baseos            274 k
 fontpackages-filesystem             noarch         1.44-22.el8                                     baseos             16 k
 freetype                            x86_64         2.9.1-4.el8_3.1                                 baseos            394 k
 gd                                  x86_64         2.2.5-7.el8                                     appstream         144 k
 groff-base                          x86_64         1.22.3-18.el8                                   baseos            1.0 M
 jbigkit-libs                        x86_64         2.1-14.el8                                      appstream          55 k
 libX11                              x86_64         1.6.8-5.el8                                     appstream         611 k
 libX11-common                       noarch         1.6.8-5.el8                                     appstream         158 k
 libXau                              x86_64         1.0.9-3.el8                                     appstream          37 k
 libXpm                              x86_64         3.5.12-8.el8                                    appstream          58 k
 libjpeg-turbo                       x86_64         1.5.3-12.el8                                    appstream         157 k
 libpng                              x86_64         2:1.6.34-5.el8                                  baseos            126 k
 libtiff                             x86_64         4.0.9-20.el8                                    appstream         188 k
 libwebp                             x86_64         1.0.0-5.el8                                     appstream         272 k
 libxcb                              x86_64         1.13.1-1.el8                                    appstream         229 k
 libxslt                             x86_64         1.1.32-6.el8                                    baseos            250 k
 nginx-all-modules                   noarch         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream          23 k
 nginx-filesystem                    noarch         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream          24 k
 nginx-mod-http-image-filter         x86_64         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream          35 k
 nginx-mod-http-perl                 x86_64         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream          45 k
 nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter          x86_64         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream          33 k
 nginx-mod-mail                      x86_64         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream          64 k
 nginx-mod-stream                    x86_64         1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82          appstream          85 k
 perl-Carp                           noarch         1.42-396.el8                                    baseos             30 k
 perl-Data-Dumper                    x86_64         2.167-399.el8                                   baseos             58 k
 perl-Digest                         noarch         1.17-395.el8                                    appstream          27 k
 perl-Digest-MD5                     x86_64         2.55-396.el8                                    appstream          37 k
 perl-Encode                         x86_64         4:2.97-3.el8                                    baseos            1.5 M
 perl-Errno                          x86_64         1.28-420.el8                                    baseos             76 k
 perl-Exporter                       noarch         5.72-396.el8                                    baseos             34 k
 perl-File-Path                      noarch         2.15-2.el8                                      baseos             38 k
 perl-File-Temp                      noarch         0.230.600-1.el8                                 baseos             63 k
 perl-Getopt-Long                    noarch         1:2.50-4.el8                                    baseos             63 k
 perl-HTTP-Tiny                      noarch         0.074-1.el8                                     baseos             58 k
 perl-IO                             x86_64         1.38-420.el8                                    baseos            142 k
 perl-MIME-Base64                    x86_64         3.15-396.el8                                    baseos             31 k
 perl-Net-SSLeay                     x86_64         1.88-1.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3              appstream         379 k
 perl-PathTools                      x86_64         3.74-1.el8                                      baseos             90 k
 perl-Pod-Escapes                    noarch         1:1.07-395.el8                                  baseos             20 k
 perl-Pod-Perldoc                    noarch         3.28-396.el8                                    baseos             86 k
 perl-Pod-Simple                     noarch         1:3.35-395.el8                                  baseos            213 k
 perl-Pod-Usage                      noarch         4:1.69-395.el8                                  baseos             34 k
 perl-Scalar-List-Utils              x86_64         3:1.49-2.el8                                    baseos             68 k
 perl-Socket                         x86_64         4:2.027-3.el8                                   baseos             59 k
 perl-Storable                       x86_64         1:3.11-3.el8                                    baseos             98 k
 perl-Term-ANSIColor                 noarch         4.06-396.el8                                    baseos             46 k
 perl-Term-Cap                       noarch         1.17-395.el8                                    baseos             23 k
 perl-Text-ParseWords                noarch         3.30-395.el8                                    baseos             18 k
 perl-Text-Tabs+Wrap                 noarch         2013.0523-395.el8                               baseos             24 k
 perl-Time-Local                     noarch         1:1.280-1.el8                                   baseos             34 k
 perl-URI                            noarch         1.73-3.el8                                      appstream         116 k
 perl-Unicode-Normalize              x86_64         1.25-396.el8                                    baseos             82 k
 perl-constant                       noarch         1.33-396.el8                                    baseos             25 k
 perl-interpreter                    x86_64         4:5.26.3-420.el8                                baseos            6.3 M
 perl-libnet                         noarch         3.11-3.el8                                      appstream         121 k
 perl-libs                           x86_64         4:5.26.3-420.el8                                baseos            1.6 M
 perl-macros                         x86_64         4:5.26.3-420.el8                                baseos             72 k
 perl-parent                         noarch         1:0.237-1.el8                                   baseos             20 k
 perl-podlators                      noarch         4.11-1.el8                                      baseos            118 k
 perl-threads                        x86_64         1:2.21-2.el8                                    baseos             61 k
 perl-threads-shared                 x86_64         1.58-2.el8                                      baseos             48 k
Installing weak dependencies:
 perl-IO-Socket-IP                   noarch         0.39-5.el8                                      appstream          47 k
 perl-IO-Socket-SSL                  noarch         2.066-4.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3             appstream         298 k
 perl-Mozilla-CA                     noarch         20160104-7.module_el8.3.0+416+dee7bcef          appstream          15 k
Enabling module streams:
 nginx                                              1.14                                                                   
 perl                                               5.26                                                                   
 perl-IO-Socket-SSL                                 2.066                                                                  
 perl-libwww-perl                                   6.34                                                                   

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================
Install  67 Packages

Total download size: 19 M
Installed size: 55 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/67): jbigkit-libs-2.1-14.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                  362 kB/s |  55 kB     00:00    
(2/67): gd-2.2.5-7.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                           592 kB/s | 144 kB     00:00    
(3/67): libX11-common-1.6.8-5.el8.noarch.rpm                                                610 kB/s | 158 kB     00:00    
(4/67): libXau-1.0.9-3.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                       159 kB/s |  37 kB     00:00    
(5/67): libXpm-3.5.12-8.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                      572 kB/s |  58 kB     00:00    
(6/67): libjpeg-turbo-1.5.3-12.el8.x86_64.rpm                                               1.8 MB/s | 157 kB     00:00    
(7/67): libX11-1.6.8-5.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                       984 kB/s | 611 kB     00:00    
(8/67): libtiff-4.0.9-20.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                     1.2 MB/s | 188 kB     00:00    
(9/67): libwebp-1.0.0-5.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                      1.8 MB/s | 272 kB     00:00    
(10/67): libxcb-1.13.1-1.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                     1.7 MB/s | 229 kB     00:00    
(11/67): nginx-all-modules-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch.rpm                  313 kB/s |  23 kB     00:00    
(12/67): nginx-filesystem-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch.rpm                   292 kB/s |  24 kB     00:00    
(13/67): nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64.rpm        261 kB/s |  35 kB     00:00    
(14/67): nginx-mod-http-perl-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64.rpm                364 kB/s |  45 kB     00:00    
(15/67): nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64.rpm         399 kB/s |  33 kB     00:00    
(16/67): nginx-mod-mail-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64.rpm                     712 kB/s |  64 kB     00:00    
(17/67): nginx-mod-stream-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64.rpm                   933 kB/s |  85 kB     00:00    
(18/67): perl-Digest-1.17-395.el8.noarch.rpm                                                348 kB/s |  27 kB     00:00    
(19/67): nginx-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64.rpm                              1.1 MB/s | 570 kB     00:00    
(20/67): perl-Digest-MD5-2.55-396.el8.x86_64.rpm                                            341 kB/s |  37 kB     00:00    
(21/67): perl-IO-Socket-IP-0.39-5.el8.noarch.rpm                                            316 kB/s |  47 kB     00:00    
(22/67): perl-Mozilla-CA-20160104-7.module_el8.3.0+416+dee7bcef.noarch.rpm                  125 kB/s |  15 kB     00:00    
(23/67): perl-IO-Socket-SSL-2.066-4.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.noarch.rpm                  1.6 MB/s | 298 kB     00:00    
(24/67): perl-Net-SSLeay-1.88-1.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.x86_64.rpm                      1.7 MB/s | 379 kB     00:00    
(25/67): perl-URI-1.73-3.el8.noarch.rpm                                                     551 kB/s | 116 kB     00:00    
(26/67): perl-libnet-3.11-3.el8.noarch.rpm                                                  604 kB/s | 121 kB     00:00    
(27/67): dejavu-fonts-common-2.35-7.el8.noarch.rpm                                          399 kB/s |  74 kB     00:00    
(28/67): fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-22.el8.noarch.rpm                                     240 kB/s |  16 kB     00:00    
(29/67): fontconfig-2.13.1-4.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                 1.3 MB/s | 274 kB     00:00    
(30/67): freetype-2.9.1-4.el8_3.1.x86_64.rpm                                                2.0 MB/s | 394 kB     00:00    
(31/67): libpng-1.6.34-5.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                     1.5 MB/s | 126 kB     00:00    
(32/67): groff-base-1.22.3-18.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                3.0 MB/s | 1.0 MB     00:00    
(33/67): libxslt-1.1.32-6.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                    1.5 MB/s | 250 kB     00:00    
(34/67): dejavu-sans-fonts-2.35-7.el8.noarch.rpm                                            2.2 MB/s | 1.6 MB     00:00    
(35/67): perl-Carp-1.42-396.el8.noarch.rpm                                                  172 kB/s |  30 kB     00:00    
(36/67): perl-Data-Dumper-2.167-399.el8.x86_64.rpm                                          347 kB/s |  58 kB     00:00    
(37/67): perl-Errno-1.28-420.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                 762 kB/s |  76 kB     00:00    
(38/67): perl-Exporter-5.72-396.el8.noarch.rpm                                              245 kB/s |  34 kB     00:00    
(39/67): perl-File-Path-2.15-2.el8.noarch.rpm                                               176 kB/s |  38 kB     00:00    
(40/67): perl-File-Temp-0.230.600-1.el8.noarch.rpm                                          349 kB/s |  63 kB     00:00    
(41/67): perl-Getopt-Long-2.50-4.el8.noarch.rpm                                             498 kB/s |  63 kB     00:00    
(42/67): perl-HTTP-Tiny-0.074-1.el8.noarch.rpm                                              386 kB/s |  58 kB     00:00    
(43/67): perl-IO-1.38-420.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                    789 kB/s | 142 kB     00:00    
(44/67): perl-MIME-Base64-3.15-396.el8.x86_64.rpm                                           153 kB/s |  31 kB     00:00    
(45/67): perl-PathTools-3.74-1.el8.x86_64.rpm                                               587 kB/s |  90 kB     00:00    
(46/67): perl-Pod-Escapes-1.07-395.el8.noarch.rpm                                           223 kB/s |  20 kB     00:00    
(47/67): perl-Encode-2.97-3.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                  1.5 MB/s | 1.5 MB     00:00    
(48/67): perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.28-396.el8.noarch.rpm                                           476 kB/s |  86 kB     00:00    
(49/67): perl-Pod-Usage-1.69-395.el8.noarch.rpm                                             317 kB/s |  34 kB     00:00    
(50/67): perl-Pod-Simple-3.35-395.el8.noarch.rpm                                            826 kB/s | 213 kB     00:00    
(51/67): perl-Scalar-List-Utils-1.49-2.el8.x86_64.rpm                                       470 kB/s |  68 kB     00:00    
(52/67): perl-Socket-2.027-3.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                 392 kB/s |  59 kB     00:00    
(53/67): perl-Term-ANSIColor-4.06-396.el8.noarch.rpm                                        459 kB/s |  46 kB     00:00    
(54/67): perl-Storable-3.11-3.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                530 kB/s |  98 kB     00:00    
(55/67): perl-Term-Cap-1.17-395.el8.noarch.rpm                                              161 kB/s |  23 kB     00:00    
(56/67): perl-Text-ParseWords-3.30-395.el8.noarch.rpm                                       126 kB/s |  18 kB     00:00    
(57/67): perl-Text-Tabs+Wrap-2013.0523-395.el8.noarch.rpm                                   161 kB/s |  24 kB     00:00    
(58/67): perl-Time-Local-1.280-1.el8.noarch.rpm                                             224 kB/s |  34 kB     00:00    
(59/67): perl-constant-1.33-396.el8.noarch.rpm                                              278 kB/s |  25 kB     00:00    
(60/67): perl-Unicode-Normalize-1.25-396.el8.x86_64.rpm                                     430 kB/s |  82 kB     00:00    
(61/67): perl-macros-5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64.rpm                                              714 kB/s |  72 kB     00:00    
(62/67): perl-parent-0.237-1.el8.noarch.rpm                                                 353 kB/s |  20 kB     00:00    
(63/67): perl-podlators-4.11-1.el8.noarch.rpm                                               1.2 MB/s | 118 kB     00:00    
(64/67): perl-threads-2.21-2.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                 381 kB/s |  61 kB     00:00    
(65/67): perl-threads-shared-1.58-2.el8.x86_64.rpm                                          722 kB/s |  48 kB     00:00    
(66/67): perl-libs-5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                2.1 MB/s | 1.6 MB     00:00    
(67/67): perl-interpreter-5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64.rpm                                         3.7 MB/s | 6.3 MB     00:01    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                       2.9 MB/s |  19 MB     00:06     
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                                    1/1 
  Installing       : libpng-2:1.6.34-5.el8.x86_64                                                                      1/67 
  Installing       : freetype-2.9.1-4.el8_3.1.x86_64                                                                   2/67 
  Installing       : fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-22.el8.noarch                                                        3/67 
  Installing       : libjpeg-turbo-1.5.3-12.el8.x86_64                                                                 4/67 
  Installing       : dejavu-fonts-common-2.35-7.el8.noarch                                                             5/67 
  Installing       : dejavu-sans-fonts-2.35-7.el8.noarch                                                               6/67 
  Installing       : fontconfig-2.13.1-4.el8.x86_64                                                                    7/67 
  Running scriptlet: fontconfig-2.13.1-4.el8.x86_64                                                                    7/67 
  Installing       : libxslt-1.1.32-6.el8.x86_64                                                                       8/67 
  Installing       : groff-base-1.22.3-18.el8.x86_64                                                                   9/67 
  Installing       : perl-Digest-1.17-395.el8.noarch                                                                  10/67 
  Installing       : perl-Digest-MD5-2.55-396.el8.x86_64                                                              11/67 
  Installing       : perl-Data-Dumper-2.167-399.el8.x86_64                                                            12/67 
  Installing       : perl-libnet-3.11-3.el8.noarch                                                                    13/67 
  Installing       : perl-Net-SSLeay-1.88-1.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.x86_64                                        14/67 
  Installing       : perl-URI-1.73-3.el8.noarch                                                                       15/67 
  Installing       : perl-Pod-Escapes-1:1.07-395.el8.noarch                                                           16/67 
  Installing       : perl-Mozilla-CA-20160104-7.module_el8.3.0+416+dee7bcef.noarch                                    17/67 
  Installing       : perl-IO-Socket-IP-0.39-5.el8.noarch                                                              18/67 
  Installing       : perl-Time-Local-1:1.280-1.el8.noarch                                                             19/67 
  Installing       : perl-IO-Socket-SSL-2.066-4.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.noarch                                    20/67 
  Installing       : perl-Term-ANSIColor-4.06-396.el8.noarch                                                          21/67 
  Installing       : perl-Term-Cap-1.17-395.el8.noarch                                                                22/67 
  Installing       : perl-File-Temp-0.230.600-1.el8.noarch                                                            23/67 
  Installing       : perl-Pod-Simple-1:3.35-395.el8.noarch                                                            24/67 
  Installing       : perl-HTTP-Tiny-0.074-1.el8.noarch                                                                25/67 
  Installing       : perl-podlators-4.11-1.el8.noarch                                                                 26/67 
  Installing       : perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.28-396.el8.noarch                                                             27/67 
  Installing       : perl-Text-ParseWords-3.30-395.el8.noarch                                                         28/67 
  Installing       : perl-Pod-Usage-4:1.69-395.el8.noarch                                                             29/67 
  Installing       : perl-MIME-Base64-3.15-396.el8.x86_64                                                             30/67 
  Installing       : perl-Storable-1:3.11-3.el8.x86_64                                                                31/67 
  Installing       : perl-Getopt-Long-1:2.50-4.el8.noarch                                                             32/67 
  Installing       : perl-Errno-1.28-420.el8.x86_64                                                                   33/67 
  Installing       : perl-Socket-4:2.027-3.el8.x86_64                                                                 34/67 
  Installing       : perl-Encode-4:2.97-3.el8.x86_64                                                                  35/67 
  Installing       : perl-Carp-1.42-396.el8.noarch                                                                    36/67 
  Installing       : perl-Exporter-5.72-396.el8.noarch                                                                37/67 
  Installing       : perl-libs-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                                38/67 
  Installing       : perl-Scalar-List-Utils-3:1.49-2.el8.x86_64                                                       39/67 
  Installing       : perl-parent-1:0.237-1.el8.noarch                                                                 40/67 
  Installing       : perl-macros-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                              41/67 
  Installing       : perl-Text-Tabs+Wrap-2013.0523-395.el8.noarch                                                     42/67 
  Installing       : perl-Unicode-Normalize-1.25-396.el8.x86_64                                                       43/67 
  Installing       : perl-File-Path-2.15-2.el8.noarch                                                                 44/67 
  Installing       : perl-IO-1.38-420.el8.x86_64                                                                      45/67 
  Installing       : perl-PathTools-3.74-1.el8.x86_64                                                                 46/67 
  Installing       : perl-constant-1.33-396.el8.noarch                                                                47/67 
  Installing       : perl-threads-1:2.21-2.el8.x86_64                                                                 48/67 
  Installing       : perl-threads-shared-1.58-2.el8.x86_64                                                            49/67 
  Installing       : perl-interpreter-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                         50/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-filesystem-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                   51/67 
  Installing       : nginx-filesystem-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                   51/67 
  Installing       : libwebp-1.0.0-5.el8.x86_64                                                                       52/67 
  Installing       : libXau-1.0.9-3.el8.x86_64                                                                        53/67 
  Installing       : libxcb-1.13.1-1.el8.x86_64                                                                       54/67 
  Installing       : libX11-common-1.6.8-5.el8.noarch                                                                 55/67 
  Installing       : libX11-1.6.8-5.el8.x86_64                                                                        56/67 
  Installing       : libXpm-3.5.12-8.el8.x86_64                                                                       57/67 
  Installing       : jbigkit-libs-2.1-14.el8.x86_64                                                                   58/67 
  Running scriptlet: jbigkit-libs-2.1-14.el8.x86_64                                                                   58/67 
  Installing       : libtiff-4.0.9-20.el8.x86_64                                                                      59/67 
  Installing       : gd-2.2.5-7.el8.x86_64                                                                            60/67 
  Running scriptlet: gd-2.2.5-7.el8.x86_64                                                                            60/67 
  Installing       : nginx-mod-http-perl-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                61/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-mod-http-perl-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                61/67 
  Installing       : nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                         62/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                         62/67 
  Installing       : nginx-mod-mail-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                     63/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-mod-mail-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                     63/67 
  Installing       : nginx-mod-stream-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                   64/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-mod-stream-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                   64/67 
  Installing       : nginx-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                              65/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                              65/67 
  Installing       : nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                        66/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                        66/67 
  Installing       : nginx-all-modules-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                  67/67 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-all-modules-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                  67/67 
  Running scriptlet: fontconfig-2.13.1-4.el8.x86_64                                                                   67/67 
  Verifying        : gd-2.2.5-7.el8.x86_64                                                                             1/67 
  Verifying        : jbigkit-libs-2.1-14.el8.x86_64                                                                    2/67 
  Verifying        : libX11-1.6.8-5.el8.x86_64                                                                         3/67 
  Verifying        : libX11-common-1.6.8-5.el8.noarch                                                                  4/67 
  Verifying        : libXau-1.0.9-3.el8.x86_64                                                                         5/67 
  Verifying        : libXpm-3.5.12-8.el8.x86_64                                                                        6/67 
  Verifying        : libjpeg-turbo-1.5.3-12.el8.x86_64                                                                 7/67 
  Verifying        : libtiff-4.0.9-20.el8.x86_64                                                                       8/67 
  Verifying        : libwebp-1.0.0-5.el8.x86_64                                                                        9/67 
  Verifying        : libxcb-1.13.1-1.el8.x86_64                                                                       10/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                              11/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-all-modules-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                  12/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-filesystem-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                   13/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                        14/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-mod-http-perl-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                15/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                         16/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-mod-mail-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                     17/67 
  Verifying        : nginx-mod-stream-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                   18/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Digest-1.17-395.el8.noarch                                                                  19/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Digest-MD5-2.55-396.el8.x86_64                                                              20/67 
  Verifying        : perl-IO-Socket-IP-0.39-5.el8.noarch                                                              21/67 
  Verifying        : perl-IO-Socket-SSL-2.066-4.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.noarch                                    22/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Mozilla-CA-20160104-7.module_el8.3.0+416+dee7bcef.noarch                                    23/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Net-SSLeay-1.88-1.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.x86_64                                        24/67 
  Verifying        : perl-URI-1.73-3.el8.noarch                                                                       25/67 
  Verifying        : perl-libnet-3.11-3.el8.noarch                                                                    26/67 
  Verifying        : dejavu-fonts-common-2.35-7.el8.noarch                                                            27/67 
  Verifying        : dejavu-sans-fonts-2.35-7.el8.noarch                                                              28/67 
  Verifying        : fontconfig-2.13.1-4.el8.x86_64                                                                   29/67 
  Verifying        : fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-22.el8.noarch                                                       30/67 
  Verifying        : freetype-2.9.1-4.el8_3.1.x86_64                                                                  31/67 
  Verifying        : groff-base-1.22.3-18.el8.x86_64                                                                  32/67 
  Verifying        : libpng-2:1.6.34-5.el8.x86_64                                                                     33/67 
  Verifying        : libxslt-1.1.32-6.el8.x86_64                                                                      34/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Carp-1.42-396.el8.noarch                                                                    35/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Data-Dumper-2.167-399.el8.x86_64                                                            36/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Encode-4:2.97-3.el8.x86_64                                                                  37/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Errno-1.28-420.el8.x86_64                                                                   38/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Exporter-5.72-396.el8.noarch                                                                39/67 
  Verifying        : perl-File-Path-2.15-2.el8.noarch                                                                 40/67 
  Verifying        : perl-File-Temp-0.230.600-1.el8.noarch                                                            41/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Getopt-Long-1:2.50-4.el8.noarch                                                             42/67 
  Verifying        : perl-HTTP-Tiny-0.074-1.el8.noarch                                                                43/67 
  Verifying        : perl-IO-1.38-420.el8.x86_64                                                                      44/67 
  Verifying        : perl-MIME-Base64-3.15-396.el8.x86_64                                                             45/67 
  Verifying        : perl-PathTools-3.74-1.el8.x86_64                                                                 46/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Pod-Escapes-1:1.07-395.el8.noarch                                                           47/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.28-396.el8.noarch                                                             48/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Pod-Simple-1:3.35-395.el8.noarch                                                            49/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Pod-Usage-4:1.69-395.el8.noarch                                                             50/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Scalar-List-Utils-3:1.49-2.el8.x86_64                                                       51/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Socket-4:2.027-3.el8.x86_64                                                                 52/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Storable-1:3.11-3.el8.x86_64                                                                53/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Term-ANSIColor-4.06-396.el8.noarch                                                          54/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Term-Cap-1.17-395.el8.noarch                                                                55/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Text-ParseWords-3.30-395.el8.noarch                                                         56/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Text-Tabs+Wrap-2013.0523-395.el8.noarch                                                     57/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Time-Local-1:1.280-1.el8.noarch                                                             58/67 
  Verifying        : perl-Unicode-Normalize-1.25-396.el8.x86_64                                                       59/67 
  Verifying        : perl-constant-1.33-396.el8.noarch                                                                60/67 
  Verifying        : perl-interpreter-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                         61/67 
  Verifying        : perl-libs-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                                62/67 
  Verifying        : perl-macros-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                              63/67 
  Verifying        : perl-parent-1:0.237-1.el8.noarch                                                                 64/67 
  Verifying        : perl-podlators-4.11-1.el8.noarch                                                                 65/67 
  Verifying        : perl-threads-1:2.21-2.el8.x86_64                                                                 66/67 
  Verifying        : perl-threads-shared-1.58-2.el8.x86_64                                                            67/67 

Installed:
  dejavu-fonts-common-2.35-7.el8.noarch                                                                                     
  dejavu-sans-fonts-2.35-7.el8.noarch                                                                                       
  fontconfig-2.13.1-4.el8.x86_64                                                                                            
  fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-22.el8.noarch                                                                                
  freetype-2.9.1-4.el8_3.1.x86_64                                                                                           
  gd-2.2.5-7.el8.x86_64                                                                                                     
  groff-base-1.22.3-18.el8.x86_64                                                                                           
  jbigkit-libs-2.1-14.el8.x86_64                                                                                            
  libX11-1.6.8-5.el8.x86_64                                                                                                 
  libX11-common-1.6.8-5.el8.noarch                                                                                          
  libXau-1.0.9-3.el8.x86_64                                                                                                 
  libXpm-3.5.12-8.el8.x86_64                                                                                                
  libjpeg-turbo-1.5.3-12.el8.x86_64                                                                                         
  libpng-2:1.6.34-5.el8.x86_64                                                                                              
  libtiff-4.0.9-20.el8.x86_64                                                                                               
  libwebp-1.0.0-5.el8.x86_64                                                                                                
  libxcb-1.13.1-1.el8.x86_64                                                                                                
  libxslt-1.1.32-6.el8.x86_64                                                                                               
  nginx-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                                                       
  nginx-all-modules-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                                           
  nginx-filesystem-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.noarch                                                            
  nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                                 
  nginx-mod-http-perl-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                                         
  nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                                  
  nginx-mod-mail-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                                              
  nginx-mod-stream-1:1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.x86_64                                                            
  perl-Carp-1.42-396.el8.noarch                                                                                             
  perl-Data-Dumper-2.167-399.el8.x86_64                                                                                     
  perl-Digest-1.17-395.el8.noarch                                                                                           
  perl-Digest-MD5-2.55-396.el8.x86_64                                                                                       
  perl-Encode-4:2.97-3.el8.x86_64                                                                                           
  perl-Errno-1.28-420.el8.x86_64                                                                                            
  perl-Exporter-5.72-396.el8.noarch                                                                                         
  perl-File-Path-2.15-2.el8.noarch                                                                                          
  perl-File-Temp-0.230.600-1.el8.noarch                                                                                     
  perl-Getopt-Long-1:2.50-4.el8.noarch                                                                                      
  perl-HTTP-Tiny-0.074-1.el8.noarch                                                                                         
  perl-IO-1.38-420.el8.x86_64                                                                                               
  perl-IO-Socket-IP-0.39-5.el8.noarch                                                                                       
  perl-IO-Socket-SSL-2.066-4.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.noarch                                                             
  perl-MIME-Base64-3.15-396.el8.x86_64                                                                                      
  perl-Mozilla-CA-20160104-7.module_el8.3.0+416+dee7bcef.noarch                                                             
  perl-Net-SSLeay-1.88-1.module_el8.3.0+410+ff426aa3.x86_64                                                                 
  perl-PathTools-3.74-1.el8.x86_64                                                                                          
  perl-Pod-Escapes-1:1.07-395.el8.noarch                                                                                    
  perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.28-396.el8.noarch                                                                                      
  perl-Pod-Simple-1:3.35-395.el8.noarch                                                                                     
  perl-Pod-Usage-4:1.69-395.el8.noarch                                                                                      
  perl-Scalar-List-Utils-3:1.49-2.el8.x86_64                                                                                
  perl-Socket-4:2.027-3.el8.x86_64                                                                                          
  perl-Storable-1:3.11-3.el8.x86_64                                                                                         
  perl-Term-ANSIColor-4.06-396.el8.noarch                                                                                   
  perl-Term-Cap-1.17-395.el8.noarch                                                                                         
  perl-Text-ParseWords-3.30-395.el8.noarch                                                                                  
  perl-Text-Tabs+Wrap-2013.0523-395.el8.noarch                                                                              
  perl-Time-Local-1:1.280-1.el8.noarch                                                                                      
  perl-URI-1.73-3.el8.noarch                                                                                                
  perl-Unicode-Normalize-1.25-396.el8.x86_64                                                                                
  perl-constant-1.33-396.el8.noarch                                                                                         
  perl-interpreter-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                                                  
  perl-libnet-3.11-3.el8.noarch                                                                                             
  perl-libs-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                                                         
  perl-macros-4:5.26.3-420.el8.x86_64                                                                                       
  perl-parent-1:0.237-1.el8.noarch                                                                                          
  perl-podlators-4.11-1.el8.noarch                                                                                          
  perl-threads-1:2.21-2.el8.x86_64                                                                                          
  perl-threads-shared-1.58-2.el8.x86_64                                                                                     

Complete!

Add the following configuration file /etc/nginx/conf.d/kibana.example.com.conf:

server {
    listen 443 http2 ssl;

    server_name kibana.example.com;

    ssl_certificate  /etc/ssl/nginx/kibana.example.com.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/nginx/kibana.example.com.key;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://192.168.0.2:5601;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
    }
}

Replace the server_name and IP with proper values.

STEP 7) Open the Kibana web.

Here are the login screen and the welcome screen. For more information check out the other articles on the subject. Use the elastic and the password generated in STEP 3) to log in for the first time. The elastic user is built-in and it has administrative privileges.

SCREENSHOT 1) The login page of Kibana. Use the elastic search user to login. The elastic user is a built-in administrative user.

main menu
kibana login page

SCREENSHOT 2) Kibana welcome home page. The right menu shows some of the Kibana main funtionality like Analytics, Security, Managements and more.

main menu
kibana welcome page

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