pycurl.h: fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory

If you encounter this error trying to install a pip module or compile a program under the console you surely miss OpenSSL development packages!
pip also may build a packages in your system and it could depend on generic library headers like in this case OpenSSL, which the installer (pip) won’t bring them and it will output an error as you can see

myuser@srv # sudo pip install pycurl pygeoip psutil
Collecting pycurl
  Using cached https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/e8/e4/0dbb8735407189f00b33d84122b9be52c790c7c3b25286826f4e1bdb7bde/pycurl-7.43.0.2.tar.gz
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): pygeoip in /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): psutil in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Building wheels for collected packages: pycurl
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for pycurl ... error
  Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpqVNq1upip-wheel- --python-tag cp27:
  Using curl-config (libcurl 7.47.0)
  running bdist_wheel
  running build
  running build_py
  creating build
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
  copying python/curl/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
  running build_ext
  building 'pycurl' extension
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src
  x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fno-strict-aliasing -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -fPIC -DPYCURL_VERSION="7.43.0.2" -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_OPENSSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c src/docstrings.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/docstrings.o
  In file included from src/docstrings.c:4:0:
  src/pycurl.h:164:28: fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory
  compilation terminated.
  error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1
  
  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for pycurl
  Running setup.py clean for pycurl
Failed to build pycurl
Installing collected packages: pycurl
  Running setup.py install for pycurl ... error
    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-oea_jq-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
    Using curl-config (libcurl 7.47.0)
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
    copying python/curl/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/curl
    running build_ext
    building 'pycurl' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src
    x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fno-strict-aliasing -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -fPIC -DPYCURL_VERSION="7.43.0.2" -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_OPENSSL=1 -DHAVE_CURL_SSL=1 -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c src/docstrings.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/docstrings.o
    In file included from src/docstrings.c:4:0:
    src/pycurl.h:164:28: fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1
    
    ----------------------------------------
Command "/usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-oea_jq-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-AbCshS/pycurl/
You are using pip version 8.1.1, however version 18.1 is available.
You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command

We highlighted the important line and here it is again:

    src/pycurl.h:164:28: fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory

It means you are missing the OpenSSL headers (i.e. development headers), which in Ubuntu is “libssl-dev” and in CentOS 6/7 is “openssl-devel”

Here is Ubuntu installation

myuser@srv # sudo apt install libssl-dev
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  libtirpc1 linux-headers-3.13.0-24 linux-headers-3.13.0-24-generic linux-image-3.13.0-24-generic linux-image-extra-3.13.0-24-generic
Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
  libssl-doc zlib1g-dev
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  libssl-dev libssl-doc zlib1g-dev
0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 5 not upgraded.
Need to get 2,591 kB of archives.
After this operation, 10.5 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] Y
Get:1 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-security/main amd64 libssl-dev amd64 1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14 [1,345 kB]
Get:2 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 zlib1g-dev amd64 1:1.2.8.dfsg-2ubuntu4.1 [168 kB]
Get:3 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-security/main amd64 libssl-doc all 1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14 [1,078 kB]
Fetched 2,591 kB in 1s (2,057 kB/s)   
Selecting previously unselected package zlib1g-dev:amd64.
(Reading database ... 128888 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../zlib1g-dev_1%3a1.2.8.dfsg-2ubuntu4.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking zlib1g-dev:amd64 (1:1.2.8.dfsg-2ubuntu4.1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libssl-dev:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../libssl-dev_1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libssl-dev:amd64 (1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libssl-doc.
Preparing to unpack .../libssl-doc_1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14_all.deb ...
Unpacking libssl-doc (1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.5-1) ...
/usr/bin/mandb: can't open /usr/share/man/man1/atop.1: Permission denied
Setting up zlib1g-dev:amd64 (1:1.2.8.dfsg-2ubuntu4.1) ...
Setting up libssl-dev:amd64 (1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14) ...
Setting up libssl-doc (1.0.2g-1ubuntu4.14) ...

And here is the “pip” installation of the python modules, which we could not install before:

myuser@srv # sudo pip install pycurl pygeoip psutil
Collecting pycurl
  Using cached https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/e8/e4/0dbb8735407189f00b33d84122b9be52c790c7c3b25286826f4e1bdb7bde/pycurl-7.43.0.2.tar.gz
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): pygeoip in /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): psutil in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Building wheels for collected packages: pycurl
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for pycurl ... done
  Stored in directory: /root/.cache/pip/wheels/d2/85/ae/ebf5ff0f1368869d082b4863df492bf54c661bf6306a2bdfde
Successfully built pycurl
Installing collected packages: pycurl
Successfully installed pycurl-7.43.0.2
You are using pip version 8.1.1, however version 18.1 is available.
You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command.

Here is the package in CentOS 6/7

yum install -y openssl-devel

For Gentoo users you should not receive this error, because the headers have always been installed.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.