Busybox ash, Debian dash and simulating bash arrays

Busybox ash (Almquist shell) shell and Debian dash (Debian Almquist shell) are lightweight Unix shell and they are a variant of System V.4 variant of the Bourne shell. Ash/dash shell is known to be very small and is used mainly in embedded (ash) devices and installation scripts (Debian/Ubuntu setup).
Unfortunately they do not support arrays, which could be really a problem in many cases. But we can simulate the arrays with eval function.
So if you need to write a ash/dash script let’s say for an installation script of Ubuntu or Debian or a script for an embedded device, which uses busybox or even you do not want to use arrays in bash, you can follow the consepts below – create variable with a “name” concatenated with a number.

  • 1) Set a variable

    It can be done with two ways:

    1. for myi in 0 1 2 ; do
          setvar mvar$myi "Payload: $myi"
      done
      
    2. for myi in 0 1 2 ; do
          eval mvar$myi=\"Payload: $myi\"
      done
      

    This will create variables with names:

    mvar1, mvar2, mvar3

    and they can be used in any place of your script after the creation of the variables using “eval” or accessing them with the names.

    * bash shell do not support the command “setvar”, so for bash scripts use only eval version.

  • 2) Use a variable

    1. using “eval”
      for myi in 0 1 2 ; do
          eval echo \$mvar$myi
      done
      
      myi=1
      eval newvar="\$mvar$myi"
      echo $newvar
      
    2. direct access
      echo $mvar2
      $mvar2="Payload 20"
      echo $mvar2
      

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