Software and technical overview of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS server edition

Ubuntu 20.04 LTS server edition offers the following software and versions:

Software

  • linux kernel – 5.4.0 – 5.4.0-29-generic
  • System
    • linux-firmware – 1.187
    • libc – 2.31 – 2.31-0ubuntu9
    • GNU GCC – multiple versions available – 7.5.0, 8.4.0, 9.3.0 and 10-20200411. The exact versions – 7.5.0-6ubuntu2, 8.4.0-3ubuntu2, 9.3.0-10ubuntu2 and 10-20200411-0ubuntu1
    • OpenSSL – 1.1.1f – 1.1.1f-1ubuntu2
    • coreutils – 8.308.30-3ubuntu2
    • apt – 2.0.2ubuntu0.1
    • rsyslog – 8.2001.0 – 8.2001.0-1ubuntu1
  • Servers
    • Apache – 2.4.41 – 2.4.41-4ubuntu3
    • Nginx – 1.17.10 – 1.17.10-0ubuntu1
    • MySQL server – 8.0.208.0.20-0ubuntu0.20.04.1
    • MariaDB server – 10.3.22 – 10.3.22-1ubuntu1
    • PostgreSQL – 12.2-4
  • Programming
      LTS the user may install

    • PHP – 7.4 – 7.4.3-4ubuntu1.1
    • python – 3.8.2 (3.8.2-0ubuntu2) and also includes 2.7.17 (2.7.17-2ubuntu4)
    • perl – 5.30.0 and also includes perl 6 6.d-2
    • ruby – 2.7 – 2.7+1
    • OpenJDK – includes multiple versions – 8, 11, 13 and 14. The exact versions are 8u252-b09-1ubuntu1, 11.0.7+10-3ubuntu1, 13.0.3+3-1ubuntu2 and 14.0.1+7-1ubuntu1
    • Go lang – multiple versions – 1.13.8 and 1.14.2. The exact versions – 1.13.8-1ubuntu1 and 1.14.2-1ubuntu1
    • Rust – 1.41.0 – 1.41.0+dfsg1+llvm-0ubuntu2
    • Subversion – 1.13.0 – 1.13.0-3
    • Git – 2.25.1 – 2.25.1-1ubuntu3
    • llvm – multiple versions – 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. The exact versions – 6.0.1-14, 7.0.1-12, 8.0.1-9, 9.0.1-12, 10.0-50~exp1
  • Graphical User Interface
    • Xorg X server – 1.20.8 – 1.20.8-2ubuntu2
    • GNOME (the GUI) – 3.36.x – Gnome Shell – 3.36.1

Note: Not all of the above software comes installed by default. The versions above are valid for the intial release so in fact, these are the minimal versions you get with Ubuntu 20 LTS and installing and updating it after the initial date may update some of the above packages with new versions. Installed packages are 582 occupying 11G space.

During the installation wizard you may want to install the following snap software environments. Of course, this software is available after the installation setup, too.

The test server is equipped with “Threadripper 1950X AMD“, which is 16 cores CPU.
Check out Minimal installation of Ubuntu server 20.04 LTS, too.

Keep on reading!

Minimal installation of Ubuntu server 20.04 LTS

This tutorial will show you the simple steps of installing a modern Linux Distribution – Ubuntu server 20.04 LTS edition. Following most of the default options during the setup configuration for simplicity.

Here are some basic data from the default installation setup settings:

  1. Installed packages – ~582 occupying 11G of space.
  2. 3 partitions when using automatic patition layout – boot efi, swap and root.
  3. ext4 used for the root parition.

We used the following ISO for the installation process – Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa):

http://releases.ubuntu.com/focal/ubuntu-20.04-live-server-amd64.iso

It is a LIVE image so you can try it before installing it. The easiest way is just to download the image and burn it to a DVD disk and then follow the installation below:

SCREENSHOT 1) Boot from the disk or USB – whatever you made after downloading the ISO file from Ubuntu official source.

On the image here the DVD is used to boot in UEFI mode installation.

main menu
boot uefi dvd

Keep on reading!