Gentoo building qtgui error – g++-v8/cstdlib:75:15: fatal error: stdlib.h: No such file or directory

Most cases this error happens after you updated the GNU GCC (this update triggers the error, but it might be not the problem)! This was the case with us we updated the GNU GCC and then wanted to update QT libraries and several packages were built OK, but then this error occurred when compiling dev-qt/qtgui.

x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-g++ -c -march=haswell -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -pipe -std=c++1z -fvisibility=hidden -fvisibility-inlines-hidden -fno-exceptions -Wall -W -Wvla -Wdate-time -Wshift-overflow=2 -Wduplicated-cond -Wno-stringop-overflow -D_REENTRANT -fPIC -DQT_NO_USING_NAMESPACE -DQT_NO_FOREACH -DENABLE_PIXMAN_DRAWHELPERS -DQT_NO_NARROWING_CONVERSIONS_IN_CONNECT -DQT_BUILD_GUI_LIB -DQT_BUILDING_QT -DQT_NO_CAST_TO_ASCII -DQT_ASCII_CAST_WARNINGS -DQT_MOC_COMPAT -DQT_USE_QSTRINGBUILDER -DQT_DEPRECATED_WARNINGS -DQT_DISABLE_DEPRECATED_BEFORE=0x050000 -DQT_NO_EXCEPTIONS -D_LARGEFILE64_SOURCE -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -DQT_NO_DEBUG -DQT_CORE_LIB -I. -I../../include -I../../include/QtGui -I../../include/QtGui/5.11.2 -I../../include/QtGui/5.11.2/QtGui -I.tracegen -isystem /usr/include/libdrm -isystem /usr/include -isystem /usr/include/qt5/QtCore/5.11.2 -isystem /usr/include/qt5/QtCore/5.11.2/QtCore -isystem /usr/include/qt5 -isystem /usr/include/qt5/QtCore -I.moc -isystem /usr/include/libpng16 -I../../mkspecs/linux-g++ -o .obj/qaccessible.o accessible/qaccessible.cpp
distcc[8024] (dcc_build_somewhere) Warning: failed to distribute, running locally instead
In file included from /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/include/g++-v8/bits/stl_algo.h:59,
                 from /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/include/g++-v8/algorithm:62,
                 from ../../include/QtCore/../../src/corelib/global/qglobal.h:142,
                 from ../../include/QtCore/qglobal.h:1,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/../../src/gui/kernel/qtguiglobal.h:43,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/qtguiglobal.h:1,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/../../src/gui/image/qimage.h:43,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/qimage.h:1,
                 from image/qimage_sse4.cpp:40:
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/include/g++-v8/cstdlib:75:15: fatal error: stdlib.h: No such file or directory
 #include_next <stdlib.h>
               ^~~~~~~~~~
compilation terminated.
distcc[8012] ERROR: compile image/qimage_sse4.cpp on localhost failed
make: *** [Makefile:2414: .obj/qimage_sse4.o] Error 1
make: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
In file included from /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/include/g++-v8/bits/stl_algo.h:59,
                 from /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/include/g++-v8/algorithm:62,
                 from ../../include/QtCore/../../src/corelib/global/qglobal.h:142,
                 from ../../include/QtCore/qglobal.h:1,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/../../src/gui/kernel/qtguiglobal.h:43,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/qtguiglobal.h:1,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/5.11.2/QtGui/private/../../../../../src/gui/kernel/qtguiglobal_p.h:54,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/5.11.2/QtGui/private/qtguiglobal_p.h:1,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/5.11.2/QtGui/private/../../../../../src/gui/painting/qdrawhelper_p.h:54,
                 from ../../include/QtGui/5.11.2/QtGui/private/qdrawhelper_p.h:1,
                 from painting/qdrawhelper_sse4.cpp:40:
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/include/g++-v8/cstdlib:75:15: fatal error: stdlib.h: No such file or directory
 #include_next <stdlib.h>
               ^~~~~~~~~~
compilation terminated.

Keep on reading!

bacula – Device not in SD Device resources or no matching Media Type

If you happen to have such error in your bacula backup server:

20-Jun 00:19 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23741: No prior Full backup Job record found.
20-Jun 00:19 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23741: No prior or suitable Full backup found in catalog. Doing FULL backup.
20-Jun 00:19 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23741: Start Backup JobId 23741, Job=srv1-img.2018-06-20_00.19.09_56
20-Jun 00:19 bkp-srv-sd JobId 23741: Fatal error: Device reservation failed for JobId=23741: 
20-Jun 00:19 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23741: Fatal error: 
     Storage daemon didn't accept Device "srv1-img" because:
     3924 Device "srv1-img" not in SD Device resources or no matching Media Type.
20-Jun 00:19 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23741: Error: Bacula bkp-srv-dir 7.0.5 (28Jul14):
  Build OS:               x86_64-pc-linux-gnu ubuntu 16.04
  JobId:                  23741
  Job:                    srv1-img.2018-06-20_00.19.09_56
  Backup Level:           Full (upgraded from Incremental)
  Client:                 "srv1-img" 7.4.0 (16Jan16) x86_64-pc-linux-gnu,ubuntu,12.04
  FileSet:                "srv1-img" 2018-04-13 23:05:00
  Pool:                   "srv1-img-full" (From Job FullPool override)
  Catalog:                "DefaultCatalog" (From Client resource)
  Storage:                "srv1-img" (From Job resource)
  Scheduled time:         20-Jun-2018 00:19:06
  Start time:             20-Jun-2018 00:19:11
  End time:               20-Jun-2018 00:19:11
  Elapsed time:           0 secs
  Priority:               10
  FD Files Written:       0
  SD Files Written:       0
  FD Bytes Written:       0 (0 B)
  SD Bytes Written:       0 (0 B)
  Rate:                   0.0 KB/s
  Software Compression:   None
  VSS:                    no
  Encryption:             no
  Accurate:               no
  Volume name(s):         
  Volume Session Id:      3105
  Volume Session Time:    1521814321
  Last Volume Bytes:      0 (0 B)
  Non-fatal FD errors:    1
  SD Errors:              0
  FD termination status:  
  SD termination status:  
  Termination:            *** Backup Error ***

First thing to check is the status of Storage Devices you have with bconsole:

bkp-srv bacula # bconsole 
Connecting to Director localhost:9101
1000 OK: 1 bkp-srv-dir Version: 7.0.5 (28 July 2014)
Enter a period to cancel a command.
*status storage
Automatically selected Storage: bkp-srv
Connecting to Storage daemon bkp-srv at 78.140.166.26:9103

bkp-srv-sd Version: 7.0.5 (28 July 2014) x86_64-pc-linux-gnu ubuntu 16.04
Daemon started 20-Jun-18 00:43. Jobs: run=1, running=0.
 Heap: heap=135,168 smbytes=302,033 max_bytes=478,209 bufs=243 max_bufs=262
 Sizes: boffset_t=8 size_t=8 int32_t=4 int64_t=8 mode=0,0

Running Jobs:
No Jobs running.
====

Jobs waiting to reserve a drive:
====

Terminated Jobs:
 JobId  Level    Files      Bytes   Status   Finished        Name 
===================================================================
 23736  Incr          3    383.9 K  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv1-dns
 23737  Incr          3    859.9 K  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv2-dns
 23738  Incr        485    301.8 M  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv3-dns
 23739  Incr         12    91.44 M  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv4-dns
 23740  Full          1    1.358 G  OK       19-Jun-18 14:14 BackupCatalog
 23741  Full          0         0   Error    20-Jun-18 14:19 srv1-img
====

Device status:

Device "localstorage" (/mnt/storage/backups/localstorage) is not open.
==

Device "srv1-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv1-dns) is not open.
==

Device "srv2-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv2-dns) is not open.
==

Device "srv3-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv3-dns) is not open.
==

Device "srv4-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv4-dns) is not open.
==

Device "bkp-srv" (/mnt/storage/backups/bkp-srv) is not open.
==
====

Used Volume status:
====

====

As you can see there is no storage Device with name “srv1-img” as it expected from the error above.
You should check two files:

bacula-dir.conf

and

bacula-sd.conf

In file “/etc/bacula/bacula-dir.conf” you should have section like this:

Storage {
  Name = srv1-img
  Address = 10.10.10.10
  SDPort = 9103
  Password = mysecretpass
  Device = srv1-img
  Media Type = File
  Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 10
}

And in file “/etc/bacula/bacula-sd.conf”:

Device {
   Name = srv1-img
   Media Type = File
   Archive Device = /mnt/storage/backups/srv1-img
   LabelMedia = yes;
   Random Access = Yes;
   AutomaticMount = yes;
   RemovableMedia = no;
   AlwaysOpen = no;
 }

The important parts for this particular error (“3924 Device “srv1-img” not in SD Device resources or no matching Media Type.”) are highlighted:

  1. “Name” – the name of the storage
  2. “Media Type” – the type of the storage

You may also check the path of the storage – /mnt/storage/backups/srv1-img.

The two parameters must be the same! And if you verify these two configurations exist in the files and the above two parameters are the same and still get the error you MUST restart your SD (storage device) daemon, a “reload” command from the bconsole won’t work!

bkp-srv bacula # systemctl restart bacula-sd.service
bkp-srv bacula # systemctl status bacula-sd.service
* bacula-sd.service - LSB: Start Bacula Storage Daemon at boot time
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/bacula-sd; bad; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2018-06-20 00:43:22 UTC; 4s ago
     Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
  Process: 25249 ExecStop=/etc/init.d/bacula-sd stop (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Process: 25259 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/bacula-sd start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   CGroup: /system.slice/bacula-sd.service
           `-25269 /usr/sbin/bacula-sd -c /etc/bacula/bacula-sd.conf -u bacula -g tape

Jun 20 00:43:22 bkp-srv systemd[1]: Starting LSB: Start Bacula Storage Daemon at boot time...
Jun 20 00:43:22 bkp-srv bacula-sd[25259]:  * Starting Bacula Storage daemon... bacula-sd
Jun 20 00:43:22 bkp-srv bacula-sd[25259]:    ...done.
Jun 20 00:43:22 bkp-srv systemd[1]: Started LSB: Start Bacula Storage Daemon at boot time.

And verify it restarted successfully.

Then you the storage device named “srv1-img” should appear in bconsole status storage command:
First thing to check is the status of Storage Devices you have with bconsole:

bkp-srv bacula # bconsole 
Connecting to Director localhost:9101
1000 OK: 1 bkp-srv-dir Version: 7.0.5 (28 July 2014)
Enter a period to cancel a command.
*status storage
Automatically selected Storage: bkp-srv
Connecting to Storage daemon bkp-srv at 78.140.166.26:9103

bkp-srv-sd Version: 7.0.5 (28 July 2014) x86_64-pc-linux-gnu ubuntu 16.04
Daemon started 20-Jun-18 00:43. Jobs: run=1, running=0.
 Heap: heap=135,168 smbytes=302,033 max_bytes=478,209 bufs=243 max_bufs=262
 Sizes: boffset_t=8 size_t=8 int32_t=4 int64_t=8 mode=0,0

Running Jobs:
No Jobs running.
====

Jobs waiting to reserve a drive:
====

Terminated Jobs:
 JobId  Level    Files      Bytes   Status   Finished        Name 
===================================================================
 23736  Incr          3    383.9 K  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv1-dns
 23737  Incr          3    859.9 K  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv2-dns
 23738  Incr        485    301.8 M  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv3-dns
 23739  Incr         12    91.44 M  OK       19-Jun-18 14:05 srv4-dns
 23740  Full          1    1.358 G  OK       19-Jun-18 14:14 BackupCatalog
 23741  Full          0         0   Error    20-Jun-18 14:19 srv1-img
====

Device status:

Device "localstorage" (/mnt/storage/backups/localstorage) is not open.
==

Device "srv1-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv1-dns) is not open.
==

Device "srv2-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv2-dns) is not open.
==

Device "srv3-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv3-dns) is not open.
==

Device "srv4-dns" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv4-dns) is not open.
==

Device "bkp-srv" (/mnt/storage/backups/bkp-srv) is not open.
==

Device "srv1-img" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv1-img) is not open.
==
====

Used Volume status:
====

====

Extras – rerun the job and verify the backup was executed.

bkp-srv bacula # bconsole 
Connecting to Director localhost:9101
1000 OK: 1 bkp-srv-dir Version: 7.0.5 (28 July 2014)
Enter a period to cancel a command.
*run
Automatically selected Catalog: DefaultCatalog
Using Catalog "DefaultCatalog"
A job name must be specified.
The defined Job resources are:
     1: BackupCatalog
     2: srv1-dns
     3: srv2-dns
     4: srv3-dns
     5: srv4-dns
     6: srv1-img
Select Job resource (1-33): 6
Run Backup job
JobName:  srv1-img
Level:    Incremental
Client:   srv1-img
FileSet:  srv1-img
Pool:     Default (From Job resource)
Storage:  srv1-img (From Job resource)
When:     2018-06-20 00:43:59
Priority: 10
OK to run? (yes/mod/no): yes
Job queued. JobId=23742
You have messages.
*messages 
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23742: No prior Full backup Job record found.
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23742: No prior or suitable Full backup found in catalog. Doing FULL backup.
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23742: Start Backup JobId 23742, Job=srv1-img.2018-06-20_00.44.01_00
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23742: Created new Volume="srv1-img-full0394", Pool="srv1-img-full", MediaType="File" in catalog.
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23742: Using Device "srv1-img" to write.
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-sd JobId 23742: Labeled new Volume "srv1-img-full0394" on file device "srv1-img" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv1-img).
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-sd JobId 23742: Wrote label to prelabeled Volume "srv1-img-full0394" on file device "srv1-img" (/mnt/storage/backups/srv1-img)
*messages
20-Jun 00:44 bkp-srv-dir JobId 23742: Volume used once. Marking Volume "srv1-img-full0394" as Used.
*messages
You have no messages.