In addition to the previously presented article on the subject Howto do QEMU full virtualization with MacVTap networking this one shows how to run a QEMU virtual machine with a MAcVTap device in bridge mode on the host server configured only by using the NetworkManager cli – nmcli.
It is worth mentioning the MacVTap is a virtual bridge, which will make the host and the guest device show up directly on the host switch. So when using QEMU, the guest virtualized system will be as if it is connected to the host switch with one limitation – the host and guest cannot communicate with each other. The IPs of the host won’t be reachable from the guest, so NAT (masquerade) between the host and guest is not possible with this setup. Still, if the NAT server is on another server or a real IP is planned for the guest, MacVTap is the right functionality to use with the QEMU guest system.
- Add MacVTap device in bridge mode with name macvtap0.
- Install QEMU.
- Create QEMU local disk.
- Run a QEMU virtual server.
STEP 1) Add MacVTap device in bridge mode with name macvtap0
[root@srv ~]# nmcli connection add type macvlan dev enp0s3 mode bridge tap yes ifname macvtap0 con-name macvtap0 ip4 0.0.0.0/24 Connection 'macvtap0' (7a5ef04c-ea98-4642-ac5d-4239f715f631) successfully added. [root@srv ~]# nmcli con NAME UUID TYPE DEVICE enp0s3 09497bbf-da59-42b7-a72c-d69369760b36 ethernet enp0s3 macvtap0 7a5ef04c-ea98-4642-ac5d-4239f715f631 macvlan macvtap0
First, create a MacVTap device with the name macvtap0 in bridge mode with the network interface enp0s3 a and a connection with the name macvtap0. The IP is set to manual mode.
More detailed information on how to create and add MacVTap device with the NetworkManager here – Create MacVTap device using NetworkManager nmcli under CentOS 8
STEP 2) Install QEMU.
Install the QEMU virtual tools under CentOS 8 Stream. At present, the QEMU version is 6.2, which is pretty new.
Keep on reading!