binutils and the error ld: unrecognized option ‘–no-dynamic-linker’

Yet another bites of an old bintuils installed in the system, which leads to an error and failed a building of glibc this time. The last time it was a kernel building failure, check out here – . Most of the time, these kind of errors occurs when upgrading an old system, so as soon as building the new binutils package with emerge it is mandatory to remove the old one to minimize compiling errors of this sort.

main menu
building failure

This time the error under Gentoo system is (but it could happen in any system with old and new binutils!):

/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/11/../../../../x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/bin/ld: unrecognized option '--no-dynamic-linker'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/11/../../../../x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/bin/ld: use the --help option for usage information
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

To fix the error simply remove the (all) old binutils package(s) with emerge command:

[root@srv ~]# emerge -vaC =binutils-2.25-r1
 * This action can remove important packages! In order to be safer, use
 * `emerge -pv --depclean <atom>` to check for reverse dependencies before
 * removing packages.

>>> These are the packages that would be unmerged:

    selected: 2.25-r1 
   protected: none 
     omitted: 2.41-r1 

All selected packages: =sys-devel/binutils-2.25-r1

>>> 'Selected' packages are slated for removal.
>>> 'Protected' and 'omitted' packages will not be removed.

Would you like to unmerge these packages? [Yes/No] yes
>>> Waiting 5 seconds before starting...
>>> (Control-C to abort)...
>>> Unmerging in: 5 4 3 2 1
>>> Unmerging (1 of 1) sys-devel/binutils-2.25-r1...
No package files given... Grabbing a set.
<<<          obj /usr/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/binutils-bin/2.25/strip
<<<          obj /usr/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/binutils-bin/2.25/strings
<<<          obj /usr/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/binutils-bin/2.25/size
<<<          obj /usr/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/binutils-bin/2.25/readelf

Keep on reading!

Building python 3.10.4 and possibly undefined macro: AC_MSG_ERROR

Emerging the new python 3.10 in Gentoo may lead to the following error, despite all the dependencies installed. This error might also occur in any other Linux distro! During the configure stage the autoconf tool outputs error:

root@srv ~ # cat /var/tmp/portage/dev-lang/python-3.10.5/temp/autoconf.out 
***** autoconf *****
***** PWD: /var/tmp/portage/dev-lang/python-3.10.5/work/Python-3.10.5
***** autoconf --force warning: The macro `AC_CONFIG_HEADER' is obsolete. You should run autoupdate.
./lib/autoconf/status.m4:719: AC_CONFIG_HEADER is expanded from... the top level warning: AC_LINK_IFELSE was called before AC_USE_SYSTEM_EXTENSIONS
./lib/autoconf/specific.m4:364: AC_USE_SYSTEM_EXTENSIONS is expanded from... the top level warning: The macro `AC_HEADER_STDC' is obsolete. You should run autoupdate.
./lib/autoconf/headers.m4:704: AC_HEADER_STDC is expanded from... the top level warning: The macro `AC_HEADER_TIME' is obsolete. You should run autoupdate.
./lib/autoconf/headers.m4:743: AC_HEADER_TIME is expanded from... the top level error: possibly undefined macro: AC_MSG_ERROR
      If this token and others are legitimate, please use m4_pattern_allow.
      See the Autoconf documentation

It appears a dependency is missing! First, build the package sys-devel/autoconf-archive and then the building of python-3.10.5 will finish successfully.

root@srv ~ # emerge -va autoconf-archive

These are the packages that would be merged, in order:

Calculating dependencies... done!
[ebuild  N     ] sys-devel/autoconf-archive-2022.02.11::gentoo  660 KiB

Total: 1 package (1 new), Size of downloads: 660 KiB

Would you like to merge these packages? [Yes/No] yes

Emerging the dev-lang/python-3.10.5::gentoo outputs the error and the building process stops. The error output in emerge command is so informative. The actual error is in the /var/tmp/portage/dev-lang/python-3.10.5/temp/autoconf.out.
Keep on reading!